If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Diospyros egrettarum

I.Richardson

Ebenaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Diospyros egrettarum
A small tree growing on Mauritius
Photograph by: S Molteno
Creative Commons Zero, Public Domain Dedication
Diospyros egrettarum Diospyros egrettarum Diospyros egrettarum

General Information

Diospyros egrettarum is a shrub or a tree that can grow 3 - 5 metres tall. It is much branched below, the branches mostly inserted at right angles[
933
Title
Notes on Diospyros (Ebenaceae) in the Mascarene Islands
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 34 No. 4 pp. 723 - 735
Author
Richardson I.B.K.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; London
Year
1980
ISBN
 
Description
An article in a Botanical Journal, it describes the 14 native species of Diospyros in the Mascarenes.
].
The tree was at one time extensively exploited for its wood, to the extent that it has become almost extinct[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Once a dominant coastal ebony, the species is now reduced to fewer than 10 individuals on the mainland and a larger viable population on Ile aux Aigrettes, a coral island off the east coast. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

933
Title
Notes on Diospyros (Ebenaceae) in the Mascarene Islands
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 34 No. 4 pp. 723 - 735
Author
Richardson I.B.K.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; London
Year
1980
ISBN
 
Description
An article in a Botanical Journal, it describes the 14 native species of Diospyros in the Mascarenes.

Range

Africa - Mauritius.

Habitat

Exposed coastal areas[
933
Title
Notes on Diospyros (Ebenaceae) in the Mascarene Islands
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 34 No. 4 pp. 723 - 735
Author
Richardson I.B.K.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; London
Year
1980
ISBN
 
Description
An article in a Botanical Journal, it describes the 14 native species of Diospyros in the Mascarenes.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusCritically Endangered
Other Uses Rating *
HabitTree
Height4.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
933
Title
Notes on Diospyros (Ebenaceae) in the Mascarene Islands
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 34 No. 4 pp. 723 - 735
Author
Richardson I.B.K.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; London
Year
1980
ISBN
 
Description
An article in a Botanical Journal, it describes the 14 native species of Diospyros in the Mascarenes.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

Due to a shortage of supply, the tree is not normally harvested for its wood, but it was at one time heavily harvested, almost to extinction, for wood and for fuel[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed - in general the seed of Diospyros species has a very short viability and so should be sown as soon as possible. The flesh should be removed since this contains germination inhibitors. Sow the seed in a shady position in a nursery seedbed. The sowing media for ebony uses soil and fine sand at the ratio 3:1. The seed is planted horizontally or vertically with the radicle end down, with a sowing depth of 1 - 1½ times the thickness of seed. Distance between the seeds is 3 - 5cm. Seeds are very sensitive to desiccation during germination and early growth, so must be regularly watered at this time. Normally the seed will germinate after one week[
325
Title
Seed Leaflets
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://en.sl.life.ku.dk/Publikationer/Udgivelser/PopulaerPublikationer.aspx?katid={D28373CC-6EF3-4EF8-B097-6D83FABF209E}&serieid={9F1C3DB1-6E7B-4CF1-AF53-F480B0CB40EF}&sort=title
Publisher
Forest & Landscape. Denmark
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of leaflets, jointly produced by the University of Copenhagen and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, focussing on seed information for a number species, but also giving a lot of other information about each plant.
].
As a rule fresh seeds have a high percentage of fertility. The seedlings develop long taproots at an early stage, often before any appreciable elongation of the shoot takes place. The growth of the seedling is decidedly slow [
652
Title
The Silviculture of Indian Trees
Publication
 
Author
Troup. R.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Oxford, at the Clarendon Press
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent treatment.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-06. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Diospyros+egrettarum>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.