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Useful Tropical Plants

Digitaria milanjiana

(Rendle) Stapf

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Digitaria boivinii Henrard

Digitaria bulbosa Peter

Digitaria endlichii Mez

Digitaria exasperata Henrard

Digitaria fusca Chiov.

Digitaria gallaensis Chiov.

Digitaria gracilenta Henrard

Digitaria kilimandscharica Mez

Digitaria mombasana C.E.Hubb.

Digitaria polevansii Stent

Digitaria sanguinalis scabriglumis Hack.

Digitaria setivalva Stent

Digitaria stapfii Henrard

Digitaria swynnertonii Rendle

Panicum milanjianum Rendle

Panicum sanguinale scabriglume Hack.

Common Name:

Digitaria milanjiana
Flowering plant
Photograph by: Lovell, G., USDA, ARS
Public Domain
Digitaria milanjiana Digitaria milanjiana Digitaria milanjiana

General Information

Digitaria milanjiana is a clump-forming, perennial grass with erect culms that can be 60 - 150cm tall, exceptionally to 250cm. The clump spreads slowly by means of stolons[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The plant can be grown to cover the ground and protect against erosion, with the added benefit of reducing nematode damage to other plants.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Africa - Ethiopia, Somalia, eastern DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, S. Africa

Habitat

Common in woodland, thickets, disturbed areas and abandoned cultivation in S. Africa[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.90 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated

Cultivation Details

A plant of the tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 2,000 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 28°c, but can tolerate 8 - 35°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Top growth is killed by mild frost, but the plant will often survive and regrow from the base[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 600 - 800mm, but tolerates 375 - 1,700mm and succeeds both in areas with a dry season and with all year rainfall[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Requires a sunny position[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Grows best in a fertile sandy or sandy loam soil, but succeeds in most soils that are well-drained, including those of low fertility[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
475
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Volume 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1968
ISBN
 
Description
Contains, amongst other things, a taxonomic treatment of the Phytolaccaceae and part of the flora of Panama. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 4.5 - 7, tolerating 4 - 8[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Plants can flower after 79 - 96 days at a daylength of 14 hours and in 132 - 151 days at 11 hours[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Plants are severely affected by fire[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Dry matter yields may be between 5 - 25 tonnes per hectare[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant has proved to be useful when grown in banana plantations in tropical Australia, where it helps to control burrowing nematodes[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
It can be used as ground cover under crops, where it can help protect the soil from erosion[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - freshly harvested seed is dormant, with ecotypes from high rainfall areas having a short dormancy and ecotypes from low rainfall having an extended dormancy. Germination improves with 5 months or more of storage. Experimentally, dormancy can be broken by removing the palea and lemma from around the caryopsis[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Digitaria+milanjiana>

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