Common Name: Black Fonio
Black fonio is an annual grass with erect stems 45 - 140cm tall.
The plant is grown as a staple food in some areas of Nigeria, and is often cultivated as a supplementary cereal crop by local people in other areas of Nigeria and in Togo[
Western Tropical Africa - Cote D'Ivoire to Cameroon.
Not known in the wild
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Black fonio is a plant of tropical areas, where it is grown at elevations of 400 - 1,300 metres in areas with an annual rainfall of 900 - 1,000mm[
Though it reputedly grows well on poor soils, it is usually planted on more fertile soils in northern Nigeria[
]. It is often grown between rows of sorghum or pearl millet, and often as a mixture with D. Exilis[
Seed - cooked and used as a cereal. It is often ground into a fine powder, or used as a couscous[
]. It is eaten as a porridge or mixed with the meal of other cereals[
]. The grain is also eaten cooked like rice or in stews[
Seed - best sown in situ, only just covering the seed. The seed normally germinates 2 - 4 days after sowing and grows rapidly[
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