Ocotea caryophyllacea (Mart.) Kostel.
Persea caryophyllacea Mart.
Dicypellium caryophyllaceum is an elegant, evergreen tree growing up to 20 metres tall.
The tree is commonly exploited from the wild, particularly for medicinal and food flavouring purposes, but also for its timber.
Intense exploitation of the bark to make essential oils has caused the species to become rare. It has been classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2010)[
The bark is said to be an ingredient of a curare made by Indians of the upper Amazon region[
S. America - northern Brazil.
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.
The bark has a hot, clove-like, peppery taste[
]. Known as 'Clove Bark', it is used as a flavouring in foods[
]. It is used in quills, in the same way as cinnamon, to which it has a similar flavour[
The spicy fruits are used as a flavouring[
The distilled flower buds yield an essential oil rich in eugenol. This is used to produce an artificial vanilla flavouring[
The leaves are used as a substitute for China tea (Camellia spp.)[
The bark is very aromatic, with a taste of pepper[
]. It has powerful tonic properties and is a gastro-inestinal stimulant[
]. It is used in an energizing tonic[
]. It is pulverised in alcohol and used as a stimulant and an aphrodisiac[
]. It is said to be a counter-poison to the root of Passiflora quadrangularis ('barbadine')[
The bark contains an aromatic essential oil, a resin, gum and tannins[
An essential oil, known as 'Clove bark oil', is obtained from the bark[
]. It has a strong, clove-like scent[
A black dye, used for colouring cotton cloth, is obtained from the tree (part not specified)[
The pale yellow wood is very aromatic, close-grained, strong[
]. It is used for general and naval constructions, fellies and rims of waterwheels, cabinet making, general carpentry, floorboards etc[
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