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Useful Tropical Plants

Dicoma anomala

Sond.

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Dicoma karaguensis Oliv.

Dicoma megacephala Bak.

Dicoma nyikensis Bak.

Common Name:

Dicoma anomala
Close-up of the flowers
Photograph by: JMK
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Dicoma anomala Dicoma anomala

General Information

Dicoma anomala is a decumbent spreading perennial plant. It produces annual, aerial stems 5 - 60cm long from woody, subterranean stems 2 - 18 cm long[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.

Range

Southern Africa - Angola, The Congo and Tanzania, south to S, Africa.

Habitat

Miombo woodland, wooded grassland and submontane grasslands, on rocky hillsides or grassy plains in doleritic or sandy soils[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
]. Stony grasslands, hillsides or flat grassland and in savannah, on doleritic or sandy soils[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

It grows in the summer rainfall areas and occurs in south of the Sahara, at altitudes ranging from 165 to 2,075 metres[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
]. The aboveground parts of the plant die down in winter and are therefore not affected by frost[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
Grows well in any kind of soil[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
A variable species, particularly in its habit, leaf shape and leaf size[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root is used as a treatment for diarrhoea and dysentery[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Root decoctions are administered orally or as enemas to children believed to be suffering from blood disorders. A decoction of the root is used as a purgative for intestinal worms; as a treatment for colic, diarrhoea, dysentery, toothache; as an ingredient for sterilization medication; and for haemorrhoids[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
]. The root decoctions are also mixed with plants called melkbos for treating fever[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
The roots are sometimes chewed to induce vomiting when there is suspicion that poisoned food has been ingested[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Plant parts of Dicoma anomala are said to be used for treating coughs and respiratory complaints[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - Seeds should be sown in a sunny position in well-drained soil and watered regularly in summer (it grows in summer rainfall habitats)
Seed should be sown in spring and should start germinating in 12-20 days. The seedlings transplant well and often flower at the end of the season[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-09-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dicoma+anomala>

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