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Useful Tropical Plants

Desmoncus orthacanthos

Mart.

Arecaceae


There has been considerable confusion in deciding species limits within this genus. Many authorities in the past have viewed Desmoncus as being made up of a number of very localized and similar endemic species, with estimations of total species ranging as high as 60 or more. Most modern treatments have considerably reduced this number - some treatments having reduced it to as low as 7. However, we are following the treatment in 'A Revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae)' Henderson A., Phytotaxa 35; 1-88 2011, which recognizes 24 species[
659
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 8
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Cambridge, Mass.
Year
1940
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on botany, including species of Saurauia in Mexico. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
768
Title
Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.; Galeano G.; Bernal R.
Publisher
Princeton University Press; Princeton, New Jersey.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-691-08537-4
Description
An excellent book, giving basic information on all the 550 species of palms native to the Americas that were known in 1995. Comprehensive information on the plants range and habitat, brief description, some uses and almost 250 photos.
,
771
Title
A Revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 35; 1-88
Author
Henderson A.
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
Magnolia Press; Auckland
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-86977-839-2
Description
A good description of each species with fairly detailed notes on habitat. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Atitara ataxacantha (Barb.Rodr.) Kuntze

Atitara lophacantha (Mart.) Barb.Rodr.

Atitara orthacantha (Mart.) Kuntze

Desmoncus ataxacanthus Barb.Rodr.

Desmoncus huebneri Burret

Desmoncus kuhlmannii Burret.

Desmoncus leptochaete Burret.

Desmoncus longifolius Mart.

Desmoncus lophacanthos Mart.

Desmoncus myriacanthos Dugand

Desmoncus werdermannii Burret.

Common Name:

Desmoncus orthacanthos
Fruits
Photograph by: Alex Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Desmoncus orthacanthos Desmoncus orthacanthos Desmoncus orthacanthos Desmoncus orthacanthos

General Information

Desmoncus orthacanthos is an unusual, elliptical leaved, evergreen climbing palm with very spiny stems and leaves. The vigorous, slender stems, which scramble into the surrounding vegetation, can be up to 20 metres long and 10 - 20mm in diameter[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
]. The plant produces clusters of stems, and can form dense thickets in clearings up to 2 metres high[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
,
771
Title
A Revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 35; 1-88
Author
Henderson A.
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
Magnolia Press; Auckland
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-86977-839-2
Description
A good description of each species with fairly detailed notes on habitat. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It looks rather similar to the rattan palms of southeast Asia, though it is not related[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].
The stems are gathered from the wild for local use in making baskets, whilst the roots are used medicinally.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
,
771
Title
A Revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 35; 1-88
Author
Henderson A.
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
Magnolia Press; Auckland
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-86977-839-2
Description
A good description of each species with fairly detailed notes on habitat. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil and Peru, north through S. America to Trinidad in the Caribbean.

Habitat

Abundant in the coastal area of the Guyanas, growing in more or less open places and along rivers - it is rarely found in the interior and never in undisturbed forests[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height15.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist, tropical lowlands, it is cold sensitive[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].
Requires a warm, sheltered moist position[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the root is used as a drastic; it is considered excellent for treating dartre, eczema and certain dermatoses[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

Other Uses

Mature stems are used for basket making[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-08-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Desmoncus+orthacanthos>

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