Cephalostachyum malayense Ridl.
Schizostachyum subcordatum Ridl.
Dendrocalamus pendulus is an evergreen, clump-forming bamboo producing leaning, woody stems 20 - 30 metres tall from a short rhizome. The stems can be 9cm in diameter with aerial roots being produced at the nodes[
The plant is commonly harvested from the wild for local use and trade of its woody culms.
Southeast Asia - peninsula Malaysia.
Hillsides and in forest margins of secondary forest at elevations from 400 - 1,000 metres. It seems to appear spontaneously in places where forest is disturbed or new roads are built[
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Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying
The culms are used for making baskets and handicrafts[
Seed - many, if not all, members of this genus have a short viability and should be sown within 2 - 3 months of harvest. Sow in containers in a lightly shaded position and only just cover. Germination usually takes place readily. Prick out into individual pots as soon as the plants are large enough to handle. Plant out into permanent positions when 20cm tall. Plants may remain in their low-growing juvenile state for several years - cutting the culms to the ground level can stimulate taller adult growth[
Rhizome, culm and branch cuttings[
]. The propagules are raised in the nursery and after they have produced roots they are planted out in the field before or during the first half of the rainy season[
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