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Diplocaulobium utile (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl.
Diplocaulobium utile is an epiphytic orchid with a pseudobulb.
The stems are used locally in making baskets.
Southeast Asia - Indonesia.
Forests from sea level to elevations of 150 metres.
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The plant has a symbiotic relationship with a species of soil-dwelling fungus. It is important that spores of this fungus are present in any soil in which the plant is grown[
The stems that have been split lengthways have a yellowish colour and are used in making baskets[
]. This kind of orchid is used as a main component of producing traditional woven products, ornament box, hand bag, and mad edge ornament.
Seed - surface sow, preferably as soon as it is ripe, in a container and do not allow the compost to dry out. The seed of this species is extremely simple, it has a minute embryo surrounded by a single layer of protective cells. It contains very little food reserves and depends upon a symbiotic relationship with a species of soil-dwelling fungus. The fungal hyphae invade the seed and enter the cells of the embryo. The orchid soon begins to digest the fungal tissue and this acts as a food supply for the plant until it is able to obtain nutrients from decaying material in the soil[
]. It is best to use some of the soil that is growing around established plants in order to introduce the fungus, or to sow the seed around a plant of the same species and allow the seedlings to grow on until they are large enough to move.
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