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Useful Tropical Plants

Daniellia thurifera

Benn.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Daniellia caillei A.Chev.

Common Name: Frankincense Tree

No Image.

General Information

Daniellia thurifera is a large tree growing up to 45 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be around 40cm in diameter[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
1361
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Daniellia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Systematic Botany (2010), 35(2): pp. 296-324
Author
Manuel de la Estrella, Carlos Aedo, Barbara Mackinder, and M
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials. It yields a good quality timber and gum, which are traded internationally.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1361
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Daniellia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Systematic Botany (2010), 35(2): pp. 296-324
Author
Manuel de la Estrella, Carlos Aedo, Barbara Mackinder, and M
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Western tropical Africa - Guinea Bissau to Togo, Nigeria, Congo.

Habitat

Evergreen forest; scattered but sometimes abundant; hills, cliff along lagoon; gallery forest[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
]. Primary and secondary forest, riparian forest and grassy fields; at elevations from 10 - 380 metres[
1361
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Daniellia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Systematic Botany (2010), 35(2): pp. 296-324
Author
Manuel de la Estrella, Carlos Aedo, Barbara Mackinder, and M
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height45.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The powdered gum is used as a drink with water in order to treat coughs[
1026
Title
Useful Plants of Ghana
Publication
 
Author
Abbiw D.K.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew, UK
Year
1990
ISBN
1-85339-043-7
Description
The book is ordered by usage, rather than by plant. It makes it easier to look up individual uses, but rather difficult to collate all the uses of each species. Otherwise, a well-researched book.
].
The gum Is used to treat skin diseases and parasitic infections[
1026
Title
Useful Plants of Ghana
Publication
 
Author
Abbiw D.K.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew, UK
Year
1990
ISBN
1-85339-043-7
Description
The book is ordered by usage, rather than by plant. It makes it easier to look up individual uses, but rather difficult to collate all the uses of each species. Otherwise, a well-researched book.
].

Other Uses

Gum exudates from cracks and wounds in the trunk are used to make a varnish called 'West African Gum Copal'[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
]. A frankincense, it is sold as a perfume[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
A brown, fragrant balsam or oleo-resin is obtained from the trunk[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
,
1355
Title
Plants of the World online
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://powo.science.kew.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database giving detailed descriptions of almost 40,000 species of plants (as of 2018), almost 25,000 images and a list of almost 850,000 plant names. A truly excellent resource and still growing.
]. It is used as an adulterant of copaiba balsam (from Copaifera species), as a material for torches, to fumigate closed areas etc[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. The fresh material is obtained by cutting out square pieces of the bark, though most of it is obtained from the ground in a semi-fossilized state[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

The heartwood is pale pinkish to reddish-brown with occasional darker streaks; the 4 - 17mm wide band of sapwood is whitish to straw coloured. The texture is rather coarse; the grain straight or shallowly interlocked; the surface lustrous; may be somewhat gummy. The wood is light in weight, soft; it is not very durable, having a slight resistance to fungi and being susceptible to dry wood borers and termites. It seasons rapidly, with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. Works easily with hand and machine tools, quartersawn material tends to tear in planing and shaping, produces a woolly finish unless tools are kept sharp, takes nails and screws well; gluing is correct, though assembling and gluing is sometimes difficult due to the warping of dried veneers. Liable to sap stain, log conversion should be rapid. The wood is used for plywood, joinery, general millwork, furniture components, boxes and crates, a decorative veneer can be produced from selected logs[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-08-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Daniellia+thurifera>

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