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Useful Tropical Plants

Daniellia oblonga

Oliv.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Cyanothyrsus oblongus (Oliv.) Harms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Daniellia oblinga is a very large tree often growing to over 40 metres tall and sometimes reaching 60 metres. The straight, cylindrical bole can be around 150cm in diameter[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
,
1361
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Daniellia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Systematic Botany (2010), 35(2): pp. 296-324
Author
Manuel de la Estrella, Carlos Aedo, Barbara Mackinder, and M
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for its resin and timber,
The tree is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2009) since populations have dropped due to habitat loss[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1361
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Daniellia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Systematic Botany (2010), 35(2): pp. 296-324
Author
Manuel de la Estrella, Carlos Aedo, Barbara Mackinder, and M
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Western Tropical Africa - Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon.

Habitat

Dense forest; at elevations from 80 - 700 metres[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
,
1361
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Daniellia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Systematic Botany (2010), 35(2): pp. 296-324
Author
Manuel de la Estrella, Carlos Aedo, Barbara Mackinder, and M
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height40.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The stem is a source of resin, known as 'Niger Copal'[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
A brown, fragrant balsam or oleo-resin is obtained from the trunk[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
,
1355
Title
Plants of the World online
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://powo.science.kew.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database giving detailed descriptions of almost 40,000 species of plants (as of 2018), almost 25,000 images and a list of almost 850,000 plant names. A truly excellent resource and still growing.
]. It is used as an adulterant of copaiba balsam (from Copaifera species), as a material for torches, to fumigate closed areas etc[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. The fresh material is obtained by cutting out square pieces of the bark, though most of it is obtained from the ground in a semi-fossilized state[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

The wood is reddish-brown with dark greenish-brown streaks, resistant to compression, elastic[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. It is used for boat building, canoes, railway ties etc[
1361
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Daniellia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Systematic Botany (2010), 35(2): pp. 296-324
Author
Manuel de la Estrella, Carlos Aedo, Barbara Mackinder, and M
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Daniellia+oblonga>

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