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Useful Tropical Plants

Dalbergia xerophila

Bosser & R.Rabev.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Dalbergia xerophila
Leaves and immature seedpods
Photograph by: Herisoa Natenah Manjakahery
Creative Commons License

General Information

Dalbergia xerophila is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 4 metres tall.
The wood is used traditionally to make the shafts of spears.
This species has a very restricted distribution and human activity has greatly fragmented and reduced its habitat. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

752
Title
Adansonia Vol. 18
Publication
Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Tome 18
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle; Paris
Year
1996
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical publication. It contains a monograph of the Madagascan species of the genus Dalbergia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Africa - southwestern Madagascar.

Habitat

Dryland forest and bush scrub on sandy soils[
752
Title
Adansonia Vol. 18
Publication
Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Tome 18
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle; Paris
Year
1996
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical publication. It contains a monograph of the Madagascan species of the genus Dalbergia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height3.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Found in the wild on sandy soils[
752
Title
Adansonia Vol. 18
Publication
Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Tome 18
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle; Paris
Year
1996
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical publication. It contains a monograph of the Madagascan species of the genus Dalbergia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Tolerant of dry and poor soils. Established plants are drought tolerant.
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is a rosewood but of too small dimensions for cabinet making. It is used traditionally to make the shafts of spears[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dalbergia+xerophila>

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