Dalbergia xerophila is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 4 metres tall.
The wood is used traditionally to make the shafts of spears.
This species has a very restricted distribution and human activity has greatly fragmented and reduced its habitat. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
Africa - southwestern Madagascar.
Dryland forest and bush scrub on sandy soils[
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Found in the wild on sandy soils[
]. Tolerant of dry and poor soils. Established plants are drought tolerant.
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.
The wood is a rosewood but of too small dimensions for cabinet making. It is used traditionally to make the shafts of spears[
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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