Dalbergia cubilquitzensis (Donn.Sm.) Pittier
Dalbergia variabilis cubilquitzensis Donn.Sm.
Common Name: Granadillo
Granadillo is a small to large tree that can occasionally reach as much as 30 metres tall[
The plant is utilised locally from the wild for its timber[
Central America - Guatemala, Belize, Honduras.
Moist or wet forest, often on limestone, or in wet thickets, at elevations of 1,500 metres or less[
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We have no specific information on this species, but members of this genus generally prefer a fertile, loam soil and a position in full sun[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.
The wood is orange-coloured with purple streaks, darkening to purplish brown, odourless, rather hard and heavy, very tough, of medium fine texture, the grain more or less interlocked[
]. A heavy wood, its logs will not float in water[
]. The wood is used locally for cart axles and tongues, wheel spokes, and other purposes[
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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