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Useful Tropical Plants

Dacryodes klaineana

(Pierre) H.J.Lam

Burseraceae

+ Synonyms

Dacryodes afzelii (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Dacryodes barteri (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Dacryodes dahomensis (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Dacryodes zenkeri (Engl.) H.J.Lam

Pachylobus barteri Engl.

Pachylobus deliciosus (A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel) Pellegr.

Pachylobus klaineanus (Pierre) Engl.

Pachylobus paniculatus Hoyle

Pachylobus zenkeri Engl.

Santiriopsis klaineana Pierre

Sorindeia deliciosa A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel

Common Name:

Dacryodes klaineana
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: G. Dauby
Creative Commons License

General Information

Dacryodes klaineana is an evergreen tree with a low, spreading crown; usually growing up to 20 metres tall but with specimens up to 30 metres being recorded. The bole is irregular, up to 100cm in diameter, sometimes branched from near the base and at other times free of branches for 10 - 15 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood. It is not usually planted, but trees are often retained and protected during clearing for agricultural purposes[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Cameroon, south to Gabon.

Habitat

Coastal forest, in understorey, sometimes abundant to very abundant; dry deciduous and fringing forests; forest-swampy savannah edge on a brook; evergreen forest; half-deciduous forests along rivers; at elevations from near sea level to 700 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusSemi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



In Ivory Coast two varieties, based on the fruit, are recognized: one, known as saniasé, is globular with a taste of turpentine whilst the other has no recorded name and is ovoid, without a taste of turpentine[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant grows slowly. In the evergreen forest of Irobo (Côte d’Ivoire), the average annual diameter growth is 1.2mm under natural conditions, and 2.6 - 3.1mm in partially thinned locations[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit is eaten raw or cooked; the pulp is boiled or roasted to yield a kind of butter[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The fruit is about 25mm long[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The flesh of the fruits in this genus usually adheres very strongly to the seed. When placed in hot (but not boiling) water at around 60 - 85°c the fruit softens and swells and all the flesh then slides easily off the seed[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].

Medicinal

The ground leaf is an ingredient of an enema applied against painful menstruation[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The plant (part not specified) is used to treat tachycardia and cough[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The leaves contain tannins and traces of saponins[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is grey to yellowish grey-brown with darker streaks, giving it a decorative appearance; the 10cm or more wide band of sapwood is whitish grey. The wood is rather heavy and hard. It contains silica and is moderately difficult to work. It is used in construction and for mortars, axe handles and wagons. It has also been recommended for telegraph poles and railway sleepers. It is considered suitable for interior joinery, furniture and parquetry and has been used for paper making[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a lightly shaded position in a nursery seedbed. It germinates within 15 - 30 days[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

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