Canarium costatum (A.W.Benn.) Ridl.
Santiria costata A.W.Benn.
Dacryodes costata is an evergreen tree usually growing 20 - 30 metres tall, but with reports of trees up to 40 metres. The bole can be 20 - 100cm in diameter, rarely with small buttresses[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood.
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Lowland primary forests, usually at elevations below 100 metres, but occasionally ascending to 500 metres[
]. Usually found on hillsides and ridges with sandy soils[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
The plant can produce fruit all year round[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
We have seen no records regarding the edibility of this fruit, but most, if not all, members of the genus have a fruit with a soft, sweet flesh and are potentially edible[
]. The fruit is a yellow-orange, fleshy drupe around 15 mm long[
The flesh of the fruits in this genus usually adheres very strongly to the seed. When placed in hot (but not boiling) water at around 60 - 85°c the fruit softens and swells and all the flesh then slides easily off the seed[
The wood is used for light construction[
]. The trunks are used for building canoes[
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