Chlorocyperus iria (L.) Rikli
Cyperus chrysomelinus Link
Cyperus diaphaniria Steud.
Cyperus nangtciangensis Pamp.
Cyperus paniciformis Franch. & Sav.
Cyperus panicoides Lam.
Cyperus resinosus Hochst. ex Steud.
Cyperus santonici Rottb.
Cyperus iria is a clump-forming, annual or sometimes perennial plant with with culms of grass-like leaves 8 - 80cm tall, growing from a fibrous root system[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
Tropical and subtropical areas from west Africa through central and eastern Asia to New Guinea and Australia. Naturalized in many other areas.
Open, wet locations; it is a characteristic weed in lowland rice fields, but may also occur as a weed in vegetables, maize, sugar cane, groundnut and soya bean; also occurring on roadsides and river banks; at elevations up to 700 metres[
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The plant has spread widely through the tropics and subtropics, being recognized in many areas as a weed of open, wet places, rice fields and other cultivated ground[
The plant is astringent, febrifuge, stimulant, stomachic and tonic. It is used in the treatment of amenorrhoea[
]. The whole plant is used to treat rheumatism and to regulate menstruation[
The rhizomes are used as a diuretic[
A decoction of the ground tubers, sometimes combined with those of Cyperus rotundus, is used in the treatment of fevers[
The leaves have been found to have significant levels of JH III (juvenile hormone III). This suggests the plant has a potential for a safe, inexpensive and readily available larvicidal[
The plant is used as a material for weaving mats etc[
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