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Useful Tropical Plants

Cyperus giganteus

Vahl

Cyperaceae

+ Synonyms

Chlorocyperus giganteus (Vahl) Palla

Cyperus berteroi Kunth

Cyperus conspicuus Steud.

Cyperus densiflorus Rchb. ex Kunth

Cyperus elatus Griseb.

Cyperus princeps Kunth

Papyrus elegans Schrad. ex Nees

Papyrus giganteus (Vahl) Schrad. ex Nees

Papyrus odoratus Willd. ex Nees

Papyrus spectabilis Schrad. ex Nees

Common Name:

Cyperus giganteus
The fibre
Photograph by: Daderot
Public domain
Cyperus giganteus Cyperus giganteus

General Information

Cyperus giganteus is a perennial herbaceous plant with stout culms 1 - 2 metres tall, often forming extensive colonies[
368
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Volume 30
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; St. Louis.
Year
1943
ISBN
 
Description
Contains parts of the Flora of Panama.This, and other volumes of the series, are available for download from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of material for weaving. The plant fibres are said to be of high quality and suitable for commercial use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.
,
368
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Volume 30
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; St. Louis.
Year
1943
ISBN
 
Description
Contains parts of the Flora of Panama.This, and other volumes of the series, are available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean

Habitat

Tropical moist forest,premontane wet forest and tropical wet forest; often forming extensive and dense colonies in open swamps near the coast in Panama[
315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.
,
368
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Volume 30
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; St. Louis.
Year
1943
ISBN
 
Description
Contains parts of the Flora of Panama.This, and other volumes of the series, are available for download from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The rhizome is grated and used in an infusion to treat severe menstrual pains, especially during menstruation, by easing the menstrual flow[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant can be grown in water systems as a water purifier in pollution control[
991
Title
Cyperaceae of Economic, Ethnobotanical and Horticultural Importance: A Checklist
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 56 No. 2, pp 257 - 360
Author
Simpson D.A.; Inglis C.A.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew, London
Year
2001
ISBN
1-84246-038-2
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive checklist, giving the range, habitat and uses of over 500 species.
].

Other Uses

Fibres fron the plant are used for matting and also for making ordinary and high quality translucent paper[
991
Title
Cyperaceae of Economic, Ethnobotanical and Horticultural Importance: A Checklist
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 56 No. 2, pp 257 - 360
Author
Simpson D.A.; Inglis C.A.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew, London
Year
2001
ISBN
1-84246-038-2
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive checklist, giving the range, habitat and uses of over 500 species.
]. The fibre is said to be of high quality, similar to linen (Linum usitatissimum) and rami (Boehmeria nivea)[
991
Title
Cyperaceae of Economic, Ethnobotanical and Horticultural Importance: A Checklist
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 56 No. 2, pp 257 - 360
Author
Simpson D.A.; Inglis C.A.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew, London
Year
2001
ISBN
1-84246-038-2
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive checklist, giving the range, habitat and uses of over 500 species.
]. The plant is said to deserve an important place in the paper industry[
991
Title
Cyperaceae of Economic, Ethnobotanical and Horticultural Importance: A Checklist
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 56 No. 2, pp 257 - 360
Author
Simpson D.A.; Inglis C.A.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew, London
Year
2001
ISBN
1-84246-038-2
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive checklist, giving the range, habitat and uses of over 500 species.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cyperus+giganteus>

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