This species is closely allied to Cyperus imbricatus, from which it is sometimes difficult to be distinguished, as both are very polymorphous. Cyperus exaltatus is often more robust, its spikes are less dense and peduncled, and the glumes more closely imbricate[
Cyperus alopecuroides J.Koenig ex Roxb.
Cyperus altus Nees
Cyperus canaliculatus Retz.
Cyperus festivus Link
Cyperus iwasakii Makino
Cyperus odoratus Burm.f.
Cyperus oryzeticola Steud.
Cyperus racemosus B.Heyne ex Boeckeler
Cyperus tokiensis C.B.Clarke
Cyperus umbellatus Roxb.
Cyperus venustus R.Br.
Papyrus venustus (R.Br.) Nees
Cyperus exaltatus is a robust, herbaceous perennial plant with grass-like leaves. It produces culms up to 150cm tall from short rhizomes[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of material for making mats, thatch etc.
Widespread through tropical Africa; E. Asia from China and India through to New Guinea and Australia.
Grasslands, pond margins, sandy soil, moist or wet places; from near sea level to 1,100 metres[
]. Wet places at low elevations: embankments in tidal forests, grassy swamps behind the beach-wall[
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This and other large sedges are burnt to produce a vegetable salt[
The rhizome is grated and eaten, and also applied in dressings to scarifications over the spleen, in the treatment of cases of chronic malaria[
The rhizome is grated to make a poultice that is applied to whitlow and to swollen buboes in cases of blood poisoning in order to draw and maturate the pus[
]. Combined with the stem of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum), it is applied to swollen breasts in order to promote milk-flow[
The culms are used for thatching[
The strong culms are used in hut-building, and are split to weave into reed-mats[
]. They are used as toy spears by young boys[
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