Chlorocyperus articulatus (L.) Rikli
Chlorocyperus cordobensis Palla
Cyperus articulatus Benth.
Cyperus autumnalis Pursh
Cyperus borbonicus Steud.
Cyperus cordobensis (Palla) Hicken
Cyperus corymbosus subnodosus (Nees & Meyen) Kük. ex Osten
Cyperus fistulosus Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler
Cyperus gymnos Schult.
Cyperus interceptus Steud.
Cyperus niloticus Forssk.
Cyperus nodosus Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
Cyperus subarticulatus Nees & Meyen
Cyperus subnodosus Nees & Meyen
Papyrus pangorei Nees in R.Wight
Common Name: Piripiri
Piripiri is a perennial, grass-like plant producing stout culms 100 - 250cm tall from a long-creeping, thick rhizome[
Piripiri is a valued plant throughout its wide range, being valued especially for its aromatic rhizome, medicinal properties and source of materials for weaving, The native peoples of the Amazon ascribe magical properties to this plant and use it in many ways to bring good fortune. It is used in the herbal systems of many countries where it is particularly valued for its beneficial effect upon the digestive system. It is sometimes cultivated for the many uses of its rhizome, and is often sold in local markets[
Widespread in warm temperate to tropical areas of the Americas, Africa through Arabia to India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and northeast Australia.
Damp, marshy and flooded areas along the rivers and streams[
]. Swamps or marshes, most often in shallow water at the margins of streams or lakes; usually near sea level but sometimes ascending to 1,500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Grows naturally from the warm temperate zone through to the tropics.
Probably requires a moist to wet soil.
Rhizomes - peeled and eaten raw[
Piripiri has a long history of use in herbal medicine systems in South America. It is particularly valued for its beneficial effect upon the digestive system and is commonly used to treat nausea, vomiting, stomach-aches, and intestinal gas[
]. The plant is anthelmintic, antibacterial, antiemetic, antifungal, carminative, contraceptive, digestive, febrifuge and sedative[
More recently, interest has grown about the plants possible use in treating conditions such as epilepsy and convulsions. Researchers in Africa have published several studies which suggest that the plant can mediate many of the brain chemical reactions which are required in epilepsy and report that the rhizome has anti-epileptic actions. In addition, other laboratory research reports that the plant has anti-convulsant actions, as well as sedative actions[
The fresh rhizomes are ground up to extract the juice, which is used as a nerve tonic in cases of stress and nervous and mental disorders (including epilepsy). It is also used to treat and prevent a wide range of digestive and gastrointestinal disorders; to treat fevers and flu; to facilitate child birth or to induce an abortion; as a contraceptive; and for throat cancer[
Externally, it is used to heal wounds and treat snake bite, whilst it is also put on the head as a hair tonic and to treat or prevent baldness[
A leaf infusion is employed for treating headaches; colds and flu; mouth sores and ulcers; and hypertension[
The whole plant is decocted to relieve nausea and vomiting caused from malaria[
The plant helps to prevent erosion when it is growing along the banks of streams or along the banks of irrigation channels in sandy fields[
The tall green stems are fibrous, round, and hollow and can be up to 18mm wide at the base. Piri-piri stems have sometimes been used like reeds in basket-making and other crafts[
]. The stems are used for weaving into mats, sacks etc[
An essential oil obtained from the rhizomes is used in perfumery, added to soaps etc[
The fragrant, sweet-scented, rhizomes are used for perfuming clothing etc; they are rubbed onto the rims of water jars to add fragrance[
]. The dried rhizomes are tied to the hair or placed amongst clothes in order to add fragrance[
]; The rhizomes are burnt and used as an incense and as a mosquito repellant[
The fresh rhizomes are placed in muddy water to clarify it[
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