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Useful Tropical Plants

Cymbopogon pendulus

(Nees ex Steud.) W.Watson

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Andropogon pendulus Nees ex Steud.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Cymbopogon pendulus is an erect, evergreen, clump-forming perennial grass producing robust culms up to 3 metres tall. The plant spreads slowly by means of short rhizomes to eventually produce large clumps[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of materials. This is one of the species that produce the widely used 'Lemongrass' essential oil - selected forms have been developed for cultivation in order to produce this oil[
1385
Title
Promising Cultivars of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops and their Large Scale Propagation
Publication
National Exhibition & Seminar on Medicinal Plants & Herbal Products pp 55-64 No date given
Author
S. K. Kothari; K. P. Sastry; C. P. Singh; D. K. Rajput and B
Publisher
A.P. Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Board; Hyderabad, India
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A Conference Paper, said to be from January 2006, but no date given on the Paper.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China (Yunnan), Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Vietnam

Habitat

Stream banks in China[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Outside China it is found on dry, grassy hills at elevations up to 2,000 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height2.50 m
PollinatorsWind
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus generally grow best in a sunny position in a moisture-retentive but well-drained soil. Many of them are found in dry soils in the wild[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. At least some cultivars can be grown on saline soils[
1385
Title
Promising Cultivars of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops and their Large Scale Propagation
Publication
National Exhibition & Seminar on Medicinal Plants & Herbal Products pp 55-64 No date given
Author
S. K. Kothari; K. P. Sastry; C. P. Singh; D. K. Rajput and B
Publisher
A.P. Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Board; Hyderabad, India
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A Conference Paper, said to be from January 2006, but no date given on the Paper.
].
This species is cultivated for its essential oil, there are some named varieties. The cultivar 'Praman' is suitable for growing on saline soils and can yield 245 kilos of oil per hectare[
1385
Title
Promising Cultivars of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops and their Large Scale Propagation
Publication
National Exhibition & Seminar on Medicinal Plants & Herbal Products pp 55-64 No date given
Author
S. K. Kothari; K. P. Sastry; C. P. Singh; D. K. Rajput and B
Publisher
A.P. Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Board; Hyderabad, India
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A Conference Paper, said to be from January 2006, but no date given on the Paper.
].
The plant is pleasantly lemon-scented[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
This species intergrades with Cymbopogon flexuosus and Cymbopogon khasianus, but it can usually be recognized by the relatively long, narrow, channeled lower glume of the sessile spikelet[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Lemongrass essential oil is an effective antifungal and antibacterial[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. The essential oil contains about 70% citral, plus citronellal - both of these are markedly sedative[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
]. Applied externally, it is a very effective treatment for a range of skin conditions including athlete's foot, ringworm, lice and scabies[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. It is also applied to ease the pain of arthritic joints[
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
].

Other Uses

An essential oil obtained from the leaves is one of the source of 'Lemongrass Oil'. Some forms of the plant have a low content of citral in their essential oil and these are almost completely consumed locally. Other forms, such as the cultivar 'Praman', have been developed where the oil contains much higher levels of citral - up to 84% in the case of 'Praman'[
1385
Title
Promising Cultivars of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops and their Large Scale Propagation
Publication
National Exhibition & Seminar on Medicinal Plants & Herbal Products pp 55-64 No date given
Author
S. K. Kothari; K. P. Sastry; C. P. Singh; D. K. Rajput and B
Publisher
A.P. Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Board; Hyderabad, India
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A Conference Paper, said to be from January 2006, but no date given on the Paper.
]. Cultivars with a higher geraniol content than the best clones of Cymbopogon citratus have also been developed in India, there are also favourable hybrids with Cymbopogon khasianus and Cymbopogon flexuosus that are under trial[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
Lemongrass oil has a wide range of applications, being used in perfumery, scenting soaps, hair oils, cosmetics and as an insect repellent[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
,
254
Title
The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Chevallier. A.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley. London
Year
1996
ISBN
9-780751-303148
Description
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The oil consistis mainly of citral and is an important starting material in the perfumery industry for the production of 'ALPHA'- and 'BETA'-ionones, which in low concentrations have the odour of violets[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is also used in the synthesis of vitamin A[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

The leaves are used for thatching[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

Propagation

Seed - surface sow or only just cover, sowing the seeds in a nursery seedbed. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots at the 3 - 4 leaf stage and grow on until large enough to plant out. Seed can also be sown in situ, but this often results in heavy weed infestation[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Division of established clumps. This is best done annually or they can become too crowded and suffer. The offshoots of this species often fail to establish[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-06. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cymbopogon+pendulus>

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