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Useful Tropical Plants

Cyclospermum leptophyllum

(Pers.) Sprague ex Britton & P.Wilson

Apiaceae

+ Synonyms

Aethusa leptophylla (Pers.) Spreng.

Apium ammi Urb.

Apium depressum M.E.Jones

Apium leptophyllum (Pers.) F.Muell. ex Benth.

Apium rivulare Larrañaga

Apium tenuifolium (Moench) Thell.,

Cnidium tenuifolium Moench

Cyclospermum ammi (Savi) Caruel

Cyclospermum ammi Lag.

Helosciadium heterophyllum Steud.

Helosciadium lateriflorum (Link) W.D.J.Koch.

Helosciadium leptophyllum (Pers.) DC.

Helosciadium ranunculifolium DC.

Oreosciadium andinum Rusby

Pimpinella domingensis Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Pimpinella lateriflora Link.

Pimpinella leptophylla Pers.

Ptychotis leptophylla (Pers.) Penz.

Selinum leptophyllum (Pers.) E.H.L.Krause

Seseli ammi Savi

Sison ammi Jacq.

Common Name: Slender Celery

No Image.

General Information

Cyclospermum leptophyllum is a spreading to erect, sparsely to much-branched, annual plant growing from a taproot; it can grow around 50cm tall[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a food.

Known Hazards

There are reports that the plant is toxic to mammals[
274
Title
Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
Publication
 
Author
Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J
Website
http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
Publisher
Botanical Research Institute, Texas.
Year
1999
ISBN
1-889878-01-4
Description
An excellent flora, which is also available on-line.
].

Botanical References

265
Title
Flora of the Sydney Region
Publication
 
Author
Carolin. R. & Tindale. M.
Publisher
Reed. Australia.
Year
1993
ISBN
0730104001
Description
Concise flora with little beyond an extensive key, species descriptions, very brief habitat description.
,
274
Title
Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
Publication
 
Author
Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J
Website
http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
Publisher
Botanical Research Institute, Texas.
Year
1999
ISBN
1-889878-01-4
Description
An excellent flora, which is also available on-line.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

Possibly originally native to Brazil, the plant has become a weed through most of the tropics, extending into the warmer regions of the temperate zone

Habitat

Wet to dry thickets or fields, frequently in pine-oak forest, often in waste or cultivated ground; at elevations from 900 - 2,300 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. Ditches and low areas, disturbed sites, in Texas[
274
Title
Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
Publication
 
Author
Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J
Website
http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
Publisher
Botanical Research Institute, Texas.
Year
1999
ISBN
1-889878-01-4
Description
An excellent flora, which is also available on-line.
]. A weed of cultivation and waste places[
265
Title
Flora of the Sydney Region
Publication
 
Author
Carolin. R. & Tindale. M.
Publisher
Reed. Australia.
Year
1993
ISBN
0730104001
Description
Concise flora with little beyond an extensive key, species descriptions, very brief habitat description.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Cyclospermum leptophyllum was probably originally native to S. America (most likely Brazil), but has spread as a weed of disturbed ground and can now be found through most of the tropics, extending into the warmer temperate regions such as New Zealand, southern Australia, southern Europe and southern N. America.

This species has become widely naturalised as a weed in Tropical and warm Temperate regions[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].

Edible Uses

The leaves are used as a parsley substitute, though they occasionally have an acrid flavour[
144
Title
Wild Food in Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Cribb. A. B. and J. W.
Publisher
Fontana
Year
1976
ISBN
0-00-634436-4
Description
A very good pocket guide.
]. Caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are used in Ethiopia to treat a condition known as 'Mitch', which is characterized mainly by inflammation, sweating and loss of appetite.

The essential oil of the plant is used as a mild balm in stomachic complaints and for the treatment of diarrhoea[
1345
Title
Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils of Laggera crispata (Vahl) Hepper & Wood, Cycl
Publication
Analytical Chemistry Letters, 5:3, 162-171
Author
Ram S. Verma, Rajendra C. Padalia, Sajendra K. Verma, Amit C
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22297928.2015.1090330
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
2229-7928
Description
 
]. The essential oil elicits strong antifungal activity against Candida albicans and moderate activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria[
1365
Title
Exploration of antimicrobial potential of essential oils of Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Feronia elephantum, Bupleurum
Publication
Pharm Biol, Early Online: 1-4
Author
Charu Singh; Shalini Singh; Chitra Pande; Geeta Tewari; Veen
Website
http://doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2013.805234
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1744-5116
Description
 
].

The essential oil contains a wide range of compounds, the most prominent of which are 2,5-Dimethoxy-p-cymene (46.8%); thymol, methyl ether (14.6%); p-cymene (13.9%); gamma-terpinene (8.9%); carvacrol methyl ether (7.5%). In trials, the essential oil has shown moderate to good activity against gram-positive bacteria[
1345
Title
Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils of Laggera crispata (Vahl) Hepper & Wood, Cycl
Publication
Analytical Chemistry Letters, 5:3, 162-171
Author
Ram S. Verma, Rajendra C. Padalia, Sajendra K. Verma, Amit C
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22297928.2015.1090330
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
2229-7928
Description
 
]. It has also shown strong activity against various gram-negative bacteria, especially Erwinia herbicola[
1365
Title
Exploration of antimicrobial potential of essential oils of Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Feronia elephantum, Bupleurum
Publication
Pharm Biol, Early Online: 1-4
Author
Charu Singh; Shalini Singh; Chitra Pande; Geeta Tewari; Veen
Website
http://doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2013.805234
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1744-5116
Description
 
].

Other Uses

An essential oil can be obtained from all parts of the plant. It is used medicinally[
1345
Title
Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils of Laggera crispata (Vahl) Hepper & Wood, Cycl
Publication
Analytical Chemistry Letters, 5:3, 162-171
Author
Ram S. Verma, Rajendra C. Padalia, Sajendra K. Verma, Amit C
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22297928.2015.1090330
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
2229-7928
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cyclospermum+leptophyllum>

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