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Useful Tropical Plants

Cyclanthus bipartitus

Poit. ex A.Rich.

Cyclanthaceae

+ Synonyms

Cyclanthus bifolius Perr.

Cyclanthus cristatus Klotzsch

Cyclanthus estaba Schaedtler

Cyclanthus plumieri Poit. ex A.Rich.

Discanthus odoratus Spruce

Common Name:

Cyclanthus bipartitus
Foliage of a young plant
Photograph by: David Stang
Creative Commons License
Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus Cyclanthus bipartitus

General Information

Cyclanthus bipartitus is a stemless perennial planr, often forming dense clumps of bifid leaves 50 - 100cm or more long on long, reed-like petioles also 50 - 100cm or more long. The plant can grow 1 - 3 metres tall[
469
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 27
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1928
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a Flora of the Panama Canal zone
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and body ornament. It is sometimes cultivated in Ecuador, where it is valued for the pleasing fragrance of the flowers[
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
,
469
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 27
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1928
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a Flora of the Panama Canal zone

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to the Windward Isl

Habitat

Forests, especially along the sides of streams[
469
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 27
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1928
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a Flora of the Panama Canal zone
]. Wet forests, at elevations up to 1,400 metres in Costa Rica[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height2.00 m
PollinatorsBeetles
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



The flowers have a pleasing fragrance, described as being between those of cinnamon and vanilla[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is used in the treatment of snake bites and cataracts[
918
Title
Journal of Ethnobiology. Vol. 12
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ethnobiology.org
Publisher
Society of Ethnobiology
Year
1992
ISBN
0278-0771
Description
A periodical with articles on the various uses of plants by native peoples.
].

Other Uses

The fragrant, showy bracts of the inflorescence have a pleasing fragrance, described as being between those of cinnamon and vanilla. They are used as a perfume and body ornament, being trimmed with fringes and then secured under wristbands[
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-03-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cyclanthus+bipartitus>

Comments

Nandan Kalbag 19th May 2015 4:52
I have succeeded in propagating Cyclanthus bipartitus with leaf cutting. If you need the image, please contact me on my email.

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