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Useful Tropical Plants

Curarea toxicofera

(Wedd.) Barneby & Krukoff

Menispermaceae

+ Synonyms

Abuta boliviana Rusby

Chondrodendron bioccai Lusina

Chondrodendron iquitanum Diels

Chondrodendron polyanthum (Diels) Diels

Chondrodendron tomentocarpum (Rusby) Moldenke

Chondrodendron toxicoferum (Wedd.) Moldenke & Krukoff

Cocculus toxicoferus Wedd.

Hyperbaena polyantha Diels

Common Name:

Curarea toxicofera
Climbing plant, with young fruits, tightly twisted around a tree trunk.
Photograph by: A. Gentry
Creative Commons License

General Information

Curarea toxicofera is a vigorous climbing shrub that is able to climb high into the rainforest trees.
The plant is much used by native people in making the arrow poison curare. It is also collected from the wild for medicinal use.

Known Hazards

The root contains toxic alkaloids. It is used in the preparation of curare, a well-known S. American poison used by hunting people to paralyze their prey[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela.

Habitat

Rainforest.

Properties

HabitClimber
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root is used as a source of 'Pereira root'[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is considered to be a bitter tonic and diuretic[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
The root contains a number of alkaloids including chondoinine, beheerin and misobeerin[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Curarea+toxicofera>

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