Culcasia gracilis N.E.Br.
Culcasia lancifolia N.E.Br.
Culcasia tepoensis A.Chev. ex Knecht
Culcasia scandens is a climbing plant that can be epiphytic, producing slender, wiry stems up to 5 metres long that attach themselves to tree trunks by means of clasping roots[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of coumarin.
This species is widespread with a large size population, though it is potentially threatened by water pollution. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
The sap is irritant on the skin, and is used as a fish-poison[
West tropical Africa - Senegal to Central African Republic, south to Angola and DR Congo.
Wet river banks[
]. Fringing forest and savannah[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
The leaves are sometimes used in the treatment of stomach-aches[
]. Women in Gabon eat the leaves during pregnancy, cooked with groundnuts or with odika chocolate (the kernel butter of Irvingia gabonensis); they also drink the water in which the leaves have been steeped for several days[
]. A tisane is held in Congo to be anti-abortive and antiemetic[
The pulped leaves are used in topical applications as a remedy for headaches, intercostal pain, etc. A dressing of the fresh leaves is put over ulcers[
]. The leaves are made into a douche for treating blennorrhoea. A decoction is used to bathe rachitic children; sap from the leaves is instilled into the ears as a remedy for ear-inflammation and deafness[
The ashes of the burnt plant are used to soothe headache[
An unnamed alkaloid has been detected in the leaf and stem of Nigerian material[
The plant has a scent of coumarin. The leaves and roots are worn around the neck and ears, and sometimes they are powdered and put on the head[
]. Distillation has given good returns of coumarin[
The seeds and roots are dried and powdered and mixed with maize seed at the time of sowing. The crop is said to be much increased[
]. This is quite probably due to the plants insecticidal and repellent properties, ensuring that the seed is not eaten, but is allowed to grow[
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