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Useful Tropical Plants

Croton persimilis

Müll.Arg.

Euphorbiaceae


This species is often better known as Croton roxburghii N.P.Balakr. (as in the Flora of Thailand[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
]). We are following the treatment in the 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families'[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Croton boragatch Roxb. ex Benth.

Croton elaeocarpifolius Benth.

Croton oblongifolius Roxb.

Croton roxburghii N.P.Balakr.

Croton virbalae M.R.Almeida

Oxydectes oblongifolia Kuntze

Oxydectes persimilis (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Croton persimilis
Leaves
Photograph by: Vinayaraj
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Croton persimilis Croton persimilis

General Information

Croton persimilis is a deciduous shrub or tree usually growing up to 10 metres tall, occasionally to 15 metres. The bole can be 25cm in diameter[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is sometimes grown as a hedge and is often planted as an ornamental, being valued especially for the brilliant red colour of its leaves before they fall[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - southern China, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

Habitat

Mixed and dry deciduous/evergreen forest; dipterocarp-oak forest; disturbed hill and dry evergreen forest; Imperata or bamboo vegetation; fire-prone areas; secondary growth; road sides; old clearings; rocky slopes; at elevations up to 950 metres[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


The plant is found in the wild on limestone, sandstone, basalt or granite soils[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].
The flowers are scented or with a foetid odour[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Leaves and heartwood used medicinally, e.g., externally for sprains[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

The pounded leaves are used to relieve the bites of insects[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
]. The boiled leaves, combined with Zingiber, Antidesma, etc., are used to make a bath for women after giving birth[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
]. The boiled leaves are also used as a vapour bath to aid recovery from fevers[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
]. The mashed leaves, combined with salt, Cymbogon etc., are used as a plaster for broken bones[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

The seed oil is purgative[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is often planted as a fast-growing living fence[
730
Title
A Field Guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand
Publication
 
Author
Gardener S.; Sidisunthorn P.; Anusarnsunthorn V.
Publisher
Kobfai Publishing Project; Bangkok.
Year
2000
ISBN
974-7799-01-4
Description
An excellent, concise guide to 430 species, plus notes on another 450 species. Excellent photographs and a separate section on distribution and plant uses.
].

Other Uses

The yellowish-white wood is coarse-grained and moderately hard. It is mainly used for fuel[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Croton+persimilis>

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