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Useful Tropical Plants

Croton draco

Schltdl.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Croton callistanthus Croizat

Croton panamensis (Klotzsch) Müll.Arg.

Croton steyermarkianus Croizat

Croton triumfettoides Croizat

Cyclostigma denticulatum Klotzsch

Cyclostigma draco (Schltdl.) Klotzsch

Cyclostigma panamense Klotzsch

Oxydectes draco (Schltdl.) Kuntze

Oxydectes panamensis (Klotzsch) Kuntze

Common Name: Sangre de Drago

Croton draco
Close-up of female (green) and male flowers
Photograph by: O. M. Montiel
Creative Commons License
Croton draco Croton draco Croton draco Croton draco

General Information

Sangre de drago is a large shrub or a tree, rarely reaching a height of 20 metres, with a straight, cylindrical bole that can be up to 50 cm in diameter[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].
All parts of the plant, if damaged, exude a red liquid that has medicinal properties. The tree is encouraged to grow in the wild so that the red liquid can be harvested for use in traditional medicine[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

Northern S. America - Colombia; C. America - Panama to Mexico.

Habitat

Moist or wet thickets or forest, frequently in second growth, often on very steep sides of barrancos, at elevations of 600 - 1,600 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusSemi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used medicinally[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

A red exudate from the plant is used in folk medicine, It is rubbed on the gums to strengthen weak teeth. It is also used to treat gastric ulcers, grains caused by leishmaniasis and in wound healing[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
]

Other Uses

The bitter tasting, blood red sap is used to make a red dye[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -

Comments

Barry Biesanz 03rd April 2015 15:58
The sap I've found to be VERY effective for plant caused rashes, inflamed molars, and wounds
Called Tagua in CR, a weedy tree of the highlands

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