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Useful Tropical Plants

Crotalaria calycina

Schrank

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Hairy Rattlepod

No Image.

General Information

Crotalaria calycina is an erect, annual plant that can grow 20 - 100cm tall[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
1341
Title
A revision of the Genus Crotalaria Linn. (Papilionaceae) in Thailand
Publication
Thai For Bull 11;105-181; 1978
Author
Chawalit Niyomdham
Publisher
 
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1341
Title
A revision of the Genus Crotalaria Linn. (Papilionaceae) in Thailand
Publication
Thai For Bull 11;105-181; 1978
Author
Chawalit Niyomdham
Publisher
 
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1343
Title
Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia
Publication
Phytotaxa 320 (1): 001-074
Author
Ninkaew S.; Balslev H.; Pornpongrungrueng P.; Chantaranothai
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
978-1-77670-218-3
Description
 

Range

Africa - Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Angola and Zambia; tropical Asia - Indian subcontinent, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malesia to Australia

Habitat

Open grassland in deciduous forest; at elevations from 20 - 300 metres[
1341
Title
A revision of the Genus Crotalaria Linn. (Papilionaceae) in Thailand
Publication
Thai For Bull 11;105-181; 1978
Author
Chawalit Niyomdham
Publisher
 
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Deciduous dipterocarp and dry evergreen forests; at elevations from 12 - 1,500 metres[
1343
Title
Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia
Publication
Phytotaxa 320 (1): 001-074
Author
Ninkaew S.; Balslev H.; Pornpongrungrueng P.; Chantaranothai
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
978-1-77670-218-3
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.70 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Annual and short-lived perennial plants in this genus generally gow best in a sunny position, succeeding in most dry to moist, well-drained soils[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
We have no specific report for this species, but most species in this genus have a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used for treating pain, convulsions, wounds, venereal sores, syphilis etc[
1341
Title
A revision of the Genus Crotalaria Linn. (Papilionaceae) in Thailand
Publication
Thai For Bull 11;105-181; 1978
Author
Chawalit Niyomdham
Publisher
 
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ. Pre-soaking the seed for 12 hours in warm water can help to reduce germination time.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-08-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Crotalaria+calycina>

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