Cordia brevispicata M. Martens & Galeotti
Cordia chacoensis Chodat
Cordia chepensis Pittier
Cordia cuneiformis DC.
Cordia cylindrostachya (Ruiz & Pav.) Roem. & Schult.
Cordia divaricata Kunth
Cordia graveolens Kunth
Cordia hispida Benth.
Cordia imparilis J.F. Macbr.
Cordia linearis A. DC.
Cordia linearis Hook. f.
Cordia littoralis Pittier
Cordia macrostachya (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult.
Cordia mollis Pittier
Cordia obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth
Cordia palmeri S. Watson
Cordia peruviana Roem. & Schult.
Cordia rugosa Willd.
Cordia socorrensis Brandegee
Cordia tobagensis Urb.
Lantana bullata L.
Varronia curassavica Jacq.
Varronia guianensis Desv.
Varronia macrostachya Jacq.
Common Name: Black Sage
Black sage is an erect shrub, branching mainly from the base and growing up to 3 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of fibre. In the early 20th century, it was grown as a biological control, being planted in the borders of sugarcane fields to attract parasitizing wasps for biological control of an insect pest[
]. Today it is only a troublesome weed.
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, to Venezuela and the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to Antigua.
Damp or dry thickets, hillsides, sometimes in oak forests, at elevations from sea level to 1,360 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
The plant has escaped from cultivation in a number of areas, where it has become a nuisance. The seeds are dispersed widely by birds. The seedlings germinate in well-lit disturbed areas and grow quickly, forming dense thickets that can prevent regeneration or crowd out other vegetation[
Although we have seen no specific information for this species, the fruits of all members of this genus are said to be edible[
]. In general the fruit comprises a thin to fairly thick layer of pulpy, sweetish-tasting flesh surrounding a single seed[
The leaves and young stems are anodyne, anti-inflammatory, aromatic, astringent, hypotensive, pectoral, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific and vulnerary[
]. An infusion is used to treat a range of digestive disorders including biliousness, grippe and diarrhoea, as well as fevers, rheumatism, menstrual cramps, gonorrhoea, colds and chest complaints[
]. The juice of finely crushed leaves is used for alleviating monthly stomach pains (menstrual cramps)[
]. The dried leaves are boiled in a liquid that is drunk to control heavy menstrual flow[
The macerated leaves are used externally as a dandruff treatment, or are placed in a bath as a treatment for fever[
The leaves contain several medically active compounds including artemetin, which has been documented with significant anti-inflammatory actions[
The plant also contains naphthoquinones which have demonstrated antifungal activities against Cladosporium cucumerinum, Candida albicans and toxic properties against larvae of the yellow fever-transmitting mosquito[
Other studies have confirmed that the plant has anti-ulcer and gastro-protective actions at very low dosages; that is has a pain relieving effect; and that is has antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including 14 bacterial strains causing the most common gastrointestinal diseases[
The leaves are crushed and rubbed on the skin to prevent mosquito bites[
The plant used to be grown along sugarcane fields in order to attract parasitizing wasps for the biological control of an insect pest[
A fibre obtained from the plant is suitable for coarse cordage[
The stem is chewed to clean the teeth and destroy bad breath[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.