Commersonia echinata J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Muntingia bartramia L.
Commersonia bartramia is a shrub or small tree with a fairly open crown, that usually grows 5 - 10 metres tall in Australia, but can reach 25 metres[
The fibrous bark is valued by native peoples, who use it for a wide range of purposes[
]. An attractive tree, it is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
E. Asia - Malaysia, through Indonesia to Australia and the Pacific Islands.
Common tree of secondary and dry forest and patches of forest or thickets in grassland; occasional in garden and fallow areas, where it is an important pioneer species[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the subtropics to the tropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 800 metres[
]. Trees are rather frost-sensitive[
A fast-growing tree[
The roots are used medicinally in Fiji[
A fast-growing, natural pioneer species in its native range, often appearing along the sides of roads[
The fibrous bark has many applications. The fibre is used as cordage for fishing lines, nets, baskets, belts, girdles, headbands etc[
]. The bark is used to make bark cloth in Melanesia[
]. Strips of the bark are used as a crude rope to carry produce and firewood, and for lashing in construction[
Wood used in light construction, for fishing floats, and as a fast-burning firewood[
]. The light wood is used to start fire by friction in the Solomon Islands[
]. Small poles and sticks from the tree are used to stake yams[
Seed - tiny and long-lived. It can be germinated by blending the whole capsules, then covering the mix with almost boiling water (making sure it cools down quickly enough not to cook and kill the seed) and then sowing the resulting fibrous mass[
Cuttings strike quickly and easily[
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