Coccoloba lancifolia Lundell
Coccoloba laurifolia Jacq.
Coccoloba oligocarpa Lundell
Common Name: Pigeon Plum
Pigeon plum is an evergreen shrub or tree growing from 3 - 20 metres tall, but often remaining shrub-like. The bole can be up to 25cm in diameter, often with several slender trunks and crooked branches. Large trunks may be buttressed, fluted, or angled[
The fruit is often gathered from the wild for local use, and is often sold in some local markets. The tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
Central America - Panama north to Mexico, southern Florida and the Caribbean.
Open woods on limestone at elevations of 45 - 800 metres in Jamaica[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Plants can tolerate short-lived frosts and freezes, but generally grow better in frost-free, warm climates[
Prefers a moist but well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position[
]. Tolerates poor soils[
]. The plant is highly adapted to both sandy soil and salty conditions, often growing near the shoreline[
]. Established plants show considerable tolerance of drought[
Plants can flower and produce fruit all year round[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
Fruit - raw or made into jelly or wine[
]. The dark purple fruit is juicy and acid to subacid[
]. When stored for a few days after harvesting, the fruits lose their astringency and dehydrate somewhat, but do not spoil[
]. The pear-shaped fruit is about 15mm long[
The heartwood is dark reddish-brown; the sapwood whitish to light brown. The wood is very hard, heavy, brittle, strong, close-grained. Employed mainly for posts and poles, it is sometimes used for cabinet making[
Seed - sow in containers at 20c[
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