Clitandra arnoldiana De Wild.
Clitandra elastica A.Chev.
Clitandra gilletii De Wild.
Clitandra nzunde De Wild.
Clitandra orientalis K.Schum.
Pacouria cymulosa (Benth.) Roberty
The pink to blood red, acid tasting fruits are edible and very popular. They are sold in markets in Bas-Congo
Photograph by: Scamperdale
Clitandra cymulosa is a large, very vigorous, climbing shrub that can grow into the forest canopy with stems sometimes up to 100 metres long and up to 35cm in diameter at the base[
The plant is harvested from the wild for its fruit, which is a very popular local fruit and often sold in local markets. The plant also yields a useful latex.
Western tropical Africa - Guinea to Cameroon, Central African Republic, DR Congo and Uganda, south to Angola and Tanzania.
Forest and forest margins of the dry zone[
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A plant of the moister tropics.
Fruit - raw[
]. An acid flavour, it is avidly sought out by local people[
The latex obtained from the stem is taken internally as a treatment for stomach aches[
]. It is believed to work by coagulating in the stomach, enforlding the offending material in there, and carrying it out of the body with the faeces, but has been known to occasionally cause occlusion of the intestines and death[
The plant contains an abundant, watery and somewhat sticky latex[
]. Generally valueless, but some plants yield a good, black rubber, known as 'Noire du Congo'[
]. It can be coagulated by adding water and then boiling it, stirring constantly until the coagulum sticks to the sirring paddle[
]. The sap of Costus lukasiana is used to coagulate it[
]. The newly formed coagulum is white, but becomes brown in time and acquires elasticity[
]. The plant has been exploited in various regions of Africa for this rubber and in some areas it is the main source of rubber from climbing plants[
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