If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Cissampelos pareira

L.

Menispermaceae


Velvetleaf is very similar to, and often confused with, the species Cissampelos mucronata and Cissampelos owariensis[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. As they are also similarly used, it is often impossible to correlate uses unambiguously with a particular species[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

+ Synonyms

Cissampelos acuminata Benth.

Cissampelos acuminata DC.

Cissampelos argentea Kunth

Cissampelos auriculata Miers

Cissampelos australis Saint-Hilaire

Cissampelos benthamiana Miers

Cissampelos boivinii Baill.

Cissampelos bojeriana Miers

Cissampelos caapeba L.

Cissampelos caapeba Roxb.

Cissampelos canescens Miq.

Cissampelos cocculus Poir.

Cissampelos consociata Miers

Cissampelos convolvulacea Willd.

Cissampelos cordata Ruiz ex J.F. Macbr.

Cissampelos cordifolia Bojer

Cissampelos cumingiana Turcz.

Cissampelos delicatula Miers

Cissampelos diffusa Miers

Cissampelos discolor DC.

Cissampelos discolor Miers

Cissampelos diversa Miers

Cissampelos elata Miers

Cissampelos ellenbeckii Diels

Cissampelos eriocarpa Triana & Planch.

Cissampelos glaucescens Triana & Planch.

Cissampelos gracilis Saint-Hilaire

Cissampelos grallatoria Miers

Cissampelos guayaquilensis Kunth

Cissampelos haenkeana C. Presl

Cissampelos hederacea Miers

Cissampelos hernandifolia Wall.

Cissampelos heterophylla DC.

Cissampelos hirsuta Buch.-Ham. ex DC.

Cissampelos hirsutissima C. Presl

Cissampelos kohautiana C. Presl

Cissampelos limbata Miers

Cissampelos littoralis Saint-Hilaire

Cissampelos longipes Miers

Cissampelos madagascariensis Miers.

Cissampelos mauritiana Thouars

Cissampelos microcarpa DC.

Cissampelos monoica A. St.-Hil.

Cissampelos nephrophylla Bojer

Cissampelos obtecta Wall.

Cissampelos orbiculata DC.

Cissampelos orinocensis Kunth

Cissampelos pannosa Turcz.

Cissampelos piolanei Gagnep.

Cissampelos salzmanni Turcz.

Cissampelos subpeltata Thwaites ex Miers

Cissampelos subreniformis Triana & Planch.

Cissampelos tamoides Willd. ex DC.

Cissampelos testudinaria Miers

Cissampelos testudinum Miers

Cissampelos tetrandra Roxb.

Cissampelos tomentosa DC.

Cissampelos tomentosa Velloso

Cissampelos violifolia Rusby

Cocculus orbiculatus (L.) DC.

Cocculus villosus Wall.

Dissopetalum mauritianum (Thouars) Miers

Common Name: Velvetleaf

Cissampelos pareira
Flowering stem
Photograph by: Unknown
Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens
Cissampelos pareira Cissampelos pareira Cissampelos pareira Cissampelos pareira Cissampelos pareira

General Information

Velvetleaf is a dioecious climbing plant or scandent shrub[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is often used locally in traditional medicine, being mainly collected from the wild[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. It is also occasionally cultivated for medicinal use, whilst it is commonly planted in orchards, parks and gardens for its ornamental value[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is only occasionally traded internationally. In some countries it is a permitted substitute for Chondrodendron tomentosum from South America in the drug 'pareira brava'[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Pantropical.

Habitat

Rainforest, coastal evergreen bushland and deciduous bushland, at elevations up to 2,300 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. It often persists on cleared ground and in plantations, and can also be found in secondary vegetation and near rock outcrops[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

The leaves are occasionally eaten in Asia[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The leaves, crushed in water, give a jelly which is used as a refreshment[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

Velvetleaf is used in traditional medicine throughout the tropics to treat a variety of complaints. Modern research has tended to support many of these traditional uses[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant contains a number of alkaloids with medicinal activity, some of which have shown potent antileukaemic activity. Several experiments on rhizome extracts have been carried out in recent years. A water-ethanol extract of the rhizomes reduced the growth and multiplication rate of stomach tumours in a dose-dependent manner[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
In another series of tests for acute, subacute and chronic inflammation, a similar extract showed significant anti-inflammatory activity without carcinogenic effects or causing gastric lesions[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Ethanolic rhizome extracts have shown antihistaminic, hypotensive, antispasmodic and anticonvulsant properties[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Velvetleaf exhibits curare-like activity, depressing the central nervous system and relaxing smooth muscles, and has hypotensive and hypoglycaemic actions. The compound hayatinine is structurally similar to tubocurarine, the active compound in curare. It shows comparable neuro-muscular blocking activities. Cycleanine has shown significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in macrophages[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

People take an infusion of the bitter rhizome, and sometimes of leaves and stems, to cure gastro-intestinal complaints such as diarrhoea, dysentery, ulcers, colic, intestinal worms and digestive complaints, and also urogenital problems such as menstrual problems, venereal diseases, infertility, uterine bleeding and threatening miscarriage[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
A rhizome decoction or pounded leaves are also widely taken or externally applied as a febrifuge and stomachic, and is employed against cough, heart trouble, rheumatism, jaundice, snake bites and skin infections such as sores, boils, scabies and childhood eczema[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
More specifically, the rhizome is used as a diuretic and against acute and chronic bladder inflammation, to dissolve urinary calcifications and as an emmenagogue[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. Combined with a hot water extract of the roots and leaves of Launaea cornuta, it is given orally to treat epilepsy[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Juice form macerated leaves and stem is mixed with a little water and used as an anti-conjunctivitis or as a treatment for sore eyes[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. Juice from macerated leaves and stem is used an as an anti-inflammatory[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. Leaves and stem are macerated in water an used as an anti-infective agent[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Tribal people in India use the plant to prevent pregnancy[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

A thin rope can be made from the rhizomes[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.