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Useful Tropical Plants

Cinnamomum sulphuratum

Nees

Lauraceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Cinnamomum sulphuratum is an evergreen tree growing up to 8 metres tall.
The plant is commonly harvested from the wild for use as a food, medicine and source of materials. It is traded under the name 'Dalchini' at local and regional levels and inter-state trade is also practised. Cinnamomum sulphuratum is one of the most highly traded medicinal plants sourced from tropical forests[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]
Cinnamomum sulphuratum is threatened due to unsustainable collection of its bark and leaves for use in medicine and as a condiment. Habitat degradation and forest loss due to agricultural expansion, road construction and human settlements are other threats to the species. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asi - southern India

Habitat

An understorey tree in moist, evergreen to deciduous forests; at elevations from 600 - 1,800 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height7.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus generally prefer an acidic soil with ample moisture in the growing season and a position with some shade[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Species in this genus are generally able to resprout from basal wood if the top is damaged, and will soon recover from any damage[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Existence of four chemotypes of Cinnamomum sulphuratum, such as linalool-type; citral and cinnamaldehyde-type; methyl cinnamate-type; and cinnamaldehyde-type have been reported from Northeast India[
1371
Title
Optimizing the Propagation of Cinnamomum micranthum by Cuttings
Publication
Life Science Journal 2014;11(12)
Author
Bihua Chen; Jianmin Li; Juan Zhang; Huihua Fan; Qianzhen Li
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Edible Uses

The leaves are used as a substitute for tamalapatra/tejpatta (a kind of aromatic spicy leaf obtained from Cinnamomum tamala)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

On account of its easy availability and similarity in flavour, different parts of this plant are commonly used as a substitutes for cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is used for treating wounds, fever, intestinal worms, headaches and menstrual problems[
1370
Title
Anti-inflammatory Activity of the Methanolic Extract of Cinnamomum sulphuratum Barks
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 494-498. 2008
Author
Muthiah Maridass
Publisher
 
Year
2008`
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The bark and the leaves are used like that of the related species, Cinnamomum verum to cure coughs, headaches, spider poison and as a mouth refresher[
1370
Title
Anti-inflammatory Activity of the Methanolic Extract of Cinnamomum sulphuratum Barks
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 494-498. 2008
Author
Muthiah Maridass
Publisher
 
Year
2008`
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

A methanol extraction of the bark has shown effective antiinflammatory action, comparable to the commercial conventional medicine ibuprofen[
1370
Title
Anti-inflammatory Activity of the Methanolic Extract of Cinnamomum sulphuratum Barks
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 494-498. 2008
Author
Muthiah Maridass
Publisher
 
Year
2008`
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The bark yields around 1.86% essential oil. This has been shown to be an effective antifungal against several fungus species, with total inhibition of Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans[
1390
Title
Screening of antifungal activities of barks of Cinnamomum species
Publication
Thai J. Pharm. Sci. 33 (2009) 137-143
Author
M. Muridass
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The bark is used for preparing agarbethi (incense sticks)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Around 91% camphor is present in Cinnamomum sulphuratum[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

The wood of species in this genus is usually somewhat soft, it seasons well and does not warp or crack[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed - the seed of species in this genus generally has a short viability and is best sown as soon in containers as it is ripe[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Remove the fruit pulp since this can inhibit germination[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Soaking the seeds for 24 hours in lukewarm water hastens germination[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
], which can take 1 - 6 months at 20°c[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. The germination rate of fresh seed is about 50%, falling to 25% for seed 6 months old, and zero for those 1 year old[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in containers[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of semi-ripe side shoots, 7cm with a heel, in a frame with bottom heat[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-02-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cinnamomum+sulphuratum>

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