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Useful Tropical Plants

Cinnamomum malabathrum

(Burm.f.) J.Presl

Lauraceae


The name of this species is often spelled Cinnamomum malabatrum.

+ Synonyms

Cinnamomum malabathricum Lukman.

Cinnamomum ochraceum Blume

Cinnamomum rheedii Lukman.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Cinnamomum malabatrum is an evergreen tree growing up to 15 metres tall.
The plant is commonly harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, and is sold in local markets for this purpose. The leaves are frequently sold as an adulterant in markets under the name of the widely used Indian herbal plant Cinnamomum tamala, to which they bear a strong resemblance[
1389
Title
Chemical examination of leaves of Cinnamomum malabatrum (Burm. f.) Blume sold as Tamalapatra
Publication
Phcog J Sep-Oct 2012 Vol 4 Issue 31 pp 11-15
Author
Koppala Narayana Sunil Kumar; Maheshwari Rajalekshmi; Billad
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - southern India (Western Ghats)

Habitat

Common understorey tree in low and medium wet evergreen forests; at elevations up to 1,000 metres.

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height12.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus generally prefer an acidic soil with ample moisture in the growing season and a position with some shade[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Species in this genus are generally able to resprout from basal wood if the top is damaged, and will soon recover from any damage[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) has been traditionally used as an astringent, carminative, deobstruent, diaphoretic, galactogogue, haemostatic and stimulant[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
]. It is used for treating wounds, fevers, intestinal worms, headaches and menstrual problems[
1370
Title
Anti-inflammatory Activity of the Methanolic Extract of Cinnamomum sulphuratum Barks
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 494-498. 2008
Author
Muthiah Maridass
Publisher
 
Year
2008`
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The plant is also used for treatment of some tumours[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
].

The bark is used in the treatment of gastro-intestinal complaints such as dyspepsia, flatulence, diarrhoea and vomiting[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
].

The leaves are carminative. They are used in the treatment of colic and rheumatism. They are sweetish and heating, making them useful in vata, scabies, disease of the anus and rectum, tridosha, piles and heart troubles[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
].

The dried buds are used with various combinations in the treatment of cough and urinary disease[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
].

An essential oil in the leaves contains cinnamic aldehyde, euganol, beta-caryophyllene, benzaldehyde, camphor, cadinene, alpha-terpinol, limonene, geraniol, euganol acetate, ocimene, gamma-terpinene, benzyl cinnamate, beta-phellandrene and benzyl acetate[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
].
The essential oil obtained from the leaves has been shown to be antibacterial and antifungal[
1387
Title
Antioxidant potential and antimicrobial activity of Cinnamomum malabathrum (Batka)
Publication
Oriental Journal of Chemistry Vol. 26(4), 1449-1453 (2010)
Author
B. Hari Kumar; Shani Basheer; Haseena
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The bark yields around 1.65% essential oil[
1390
Title
Screening of antifungal activities of barks of Cinnamomum species
Publication
Thai J. Pharm. Sci. 33 (2009) 137-143
Author
M. Muridass
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
], with cinnamaldehyde (70 - 85%) as the major constituent[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
]. This oil has been shown to be an effective antifungal against several fungus species, with total inhibition of Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans[
1390
Title
Screening of antifungal activities of barks of Cinnamomum species
Publication
Thai J. Pharm. Sci. 33 (2009) 137-143
Author
M. Muridass
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Cinnamomum malabatrum stem bark extract has been shown to posses a protective effect against tumours[
1388
Title
Anti Cancer activity of Cinnamomum Malabatrum against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma
Publication
Int. J. of Res. in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics Vol-2(1) 2013 [314-319]
Author
Sorabh Kumar Agrawal; R.C.Chipa; K.C.Samanta Suresh
Website
http://www.ijrpp.com
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
2278 - 2648
Description
 
].
An ethanol extraction of the leaves has shown significant antiinflammatory activity and can be used in the treatment of acute inflammation[
1393
Title
Anti-inflammatory evaluation of the cinnamomum malabatrum (burm. f).blume leaves using carrageenan induced rat paw o
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, Volume 6, Number 7, p.746-748 (2013)
Author
Aravind, R.a; Bindu, A.R.b; Bindu, K.b; Kanthlal, S.a; Anilk
Website
http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84880769005&partnerID=40&md5=7d8edbc31005b8eff187a176bbfdc135
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - the seed of species in this genus generally has a short viability and is best sown as soon in containers as it is ripe[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Remove the fruit pulp since this can inhibit germination[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Soaking the seeds for 24 hours in lukewarm water hastens germination[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
], which can take 1 - 6 months at 20°c[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. The germination rate of fresh seed is about 50%, falling to 25% for seed 6 months old, and zero for those 1 year old[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in containers[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of semi-ripe side shoots, 7cm with a heel, in a frame with bottom heat[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-08. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cinnamomum+malabathrum>

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