There is little knowledge and much confusion surrounding this plant, with many of the reports in literature actually wrongly acribed to this species[
Cinnamomum culilaban (L.) J.S.Presl.
Cinnamomum culilawan (Roxb.) J.S.Presl.
Laurus culitlawan L.
Common Name: Kulitlawang
A drawing of the leaves and flowers
Photograph by: Adolphus Ypey
Cinnamomum culitlawan is a tree with slender branchlets[
]. The plant is said to be very rare[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a spice and for medicinal purposes. It is harvested for use as an ingregient in commercial cosmetic preparations.
Southeast Asia - Indonesia.
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Species in this genus generally prefer an acidic soil with ample moisture in the growing season and a position with some shade[
Species in this genus are generally able to resprout from basal wood if the top is damaged, and will soon recover from any damage[
The whole plant is aromatic[
The bark smells of cloves (this is the meaning of 'kulitlawang') and is used as a spice[
The oil is a source of eugenol, which can be used for the synthesis of vanillin[
The root bark has a fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) flavour and has been used as a substitute for sassafras bark (Sassafras albidum)[
The bark smells of cloves (this is the meaning of 'kulitlawang') and is used medicinally[
]. The bark and its oil (lawang oil) are used as a constipating agent and as a medicine against cholera[
Essential oils obtained from the wood and from the leaves are used as perfumes in commercial cosmetic preparations[
The wood is not suitable for timber but is good for fuel[
Seed - the seed has a short viability and is best sown as soon in containers as it is ripe[
]. Remove the fruit pulp since this can inhibit germination[
]. Soaking the seeds for 24 hours in lukewarm water hastens germination[
]. Germination can take 1 - 6 months at 20°c[
]. The germination rate of fresh seed is about 50%, falling to 25% for seed 6 months old, and zero for those 1 year old[
]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in containers[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of semi-ripe side shoots, 7cm with a heel, in a frame with bottom heat[
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