The name of this species was changed in 2005. Many publications still use the old name of Remijia pedunculata (H.Karst.) Flueck.[
Cinchona pedunculata H.Karst.
Ladenbergia pedunculata (H.Karst.) K.Schum.
Remijia pedunculata (H.Karst.) Flueck.
Remijia peruviana Standl.
Ciliosemina pedunculata is a small tree growing 3 - 4.5 metres tall.
The bark is a source of quinine, used in the treatment of malaria and other fevers. It was at one time exported in quantity to Europe, especially England[
S. America - northern Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela.
The bark is a source of quinine[
Quinine contains the alkaloids quinine and quinidine. It is a very effective treatment for fevers, and especially as a treatment and preventative of malaria. The bark is a bitter, astringent herb that lowers fevers, relaxes spasms, is antimalarial (the alkaloid quinine) and slows the heart (the alkaloid quinidine)[
The bark is made into various preparations, such as tablets, liquid extracts, tinctures and powders[
]. It is used internally in the treatment of malaria, neuralgia, muscle cramps and cardiac fibrillation[
]. It is an ingredient in various proprietary cold and influenza remedies[
]. It is also used as a gargle to treat sore throats[
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