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Useful Tropical Plants

Chrysopogon orientalis

(Desv.) A.Camus

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Andropogon aristulatus Hochst. ex Hack.

Andropogon aristulatus Hochst. ex Steud.

Andropogon breviaristatus Steud.

Andropogon distichophyllus Hook.f.

Andropogon orientalis (Desv.) Druce

Andropogon wightianus Steud.

Chrysopogon collinus Ridl.

Chrysopogon distichophyllus (Hook.f.) D.Rhind

Chrysopogon sinensis Rendle

Chrysopogon wightianus Thwaites

Rhaphis orientalis Desv.

Rhaphis wightiana (Steud.) B.D.Jacks.

Sorghum orientale (Desv.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Chrysopogon orientalis
Drawing of the panicle and spikelets (Fig 8 - 10 only)
Photograph by: Flora of China Illustrations vol. 22, fig. 845, 8-10
Creative Commons License

General Information

Chrysopogon orientalis is a perennial grass with culms 30 - 90cm tall. The plant usually has a creeping habit, though sometimes the stolons are short and stout and the plant densely tufted[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
The plant is used to protect sandy soils from wind erosion in coastal areas

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southeast China, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

Hill slopes, coastal sand at low elevations[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.70 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated

Cultivation Details

The plant is adapted to warm tropical climates in areas with high rainfall[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Well adapted to sandy soils , succeeding in extremely infertile soils, but also growing vigorously on heavy soils[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It grows best in open, sunny situations, but can also succeed in light shade, such as old coconut plantations[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
First flowering starts about 11 weeks after germination, and seed reaches maturity at 13 weeks after sowing[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
The plant is tolerant of heavy grazing and fire[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is used to protect sandy coastal areas from soil erosion caused by wind[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - requires light for germination and should be only just covered. It germinates within 5 days after sowing[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
Division
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Chrysopogon+orientalis>

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