Anthemis artemisifolia Willd.
Anthemis grandiflora Ramat.
Anthemis stipulacea Moench
Chrysanthemum hortorum W.Mill.
Chrysanthemum maximoviczianum Ling
Chrysanthemum procumbens Blume
Chrysanthemum sabini Lindl.
Chrysanthemum sinense Sabine
Chrysanthemum stipulaceum W.Wight
Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Tzvelev
Dendranthema sinensis (Sabine) Des Moul.
Matricaria morifolia (Ramat.) Ramat.
Pyrethrum sinense (Sabine) DC.
Tanacetum sinense (Sabine) Sch.Bip.
Common Name: Chrysanthemum
Grown as a garden flower
Photograph by: Dezidor
Chrysanthemum morifolium is a very variable, erect, perennial plant growing 30 - 1200cm tall[
Although primarily known as an ornamental, the plant is also commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and sometimes as a food. It is occasionally grown as a food plant, a number of cultivars have been developed with leaves that are low in bitterness[
A hybrid of garden origin.
Not known in a truly wild situation.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
The cultivated chrysanthemum is commonly grown as an ornamental flowering plant. Although temperate in origin, it grows successfully in the tropics and is often grown in southeast Asia.This species is not fully hardy in Britain, many of its cultivars requiring greenhouse protection in the colder areas of the country[
Succeeds in most well-drained fertile soils in a sunny position[
The chrysanthemum is widely cultivated as an ornamental flowering plant[
]. It is an enormous hybrid complex developed over many centuries (a Chinese account published in 1630 listed over 500 cultivars) into the huge array of ornamental cultivars available today. The primary parental species is Chrysanthemum indicum, but the other parents are now obscure[
The plant can flower all year round in warmer gardens[
The flower heads or petals[
] are parboiled and served as a salad with tofu and seasoned with vinegar or soya sauce[
]. They can also be prepared as tempura, pickled, dried or added to soups[
]. The petals contain about 1.9% protein, 0.9% fat, 5.3% carbohydrate, 0.7% ash[
Leaves - cooked[
]. Used as fritters, they are aromatic[
]. Some varieties have been selected for their low bitterness[
An aromatic tea is made from the leaves[
A tangy aromatic tea is made from the flowers or flower petals[
]. For a sweeter tea only the petals are used[
Chrysanthemum flowers, known in China as Ju Hua, are a bitter aromatic herb that has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine[
]. The flower heads are drunk as a refreshing tisane and are used to improve vision, soothe sore eyes, relieve headaches, counter infections etc[
They are antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, carminative, depurative, diaphoretic, febrifuge, ophthalmic, refrigerant and sedative[
]. Taken internally they dilate the coronary artery, thus increasing the flow of blood to the heart, and so are used in the treatment of hypertension, coronary heart diseases and angina[
]. The flowers are harvested when fully open in the autumn and are dried for later use[
]. In China they are steamed before being dried to make them less bitter[
The leaf juice is smeared onto wounds[
Plants have been grown indoors in pots in order to help remove toxins from the atmosphere. It is especially good at removing chemical vapours, especially formaldehyde, benzene and ammonia[
Seed - sow in a container and only just cover the seed. It usually germinates in 10 - 18 days at 15°c but if it does not germinate within 4 weeks then try chilling the seed for 3 weeks in the salad compartment of a fridge[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out when large enough. This is a hybrid species and so will not breed true from seed.
Division. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on until they are rooting well.
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