Cactus jamacaru (DC.) Kostel.
Cereus laetevirens Salm-Dyck
Cereus lividus Pfeiffer
Piptanthocereus calcirupicola F.Ritter
Piptanthocereus goiasensis F.Ritter
Piptanthocereus jamacaru (DC.) Riccob.
Common Name: Jamacaru
Jamacaru is a tree-like, succulent, evergreen plant, usually branching from low down, growing from 4 - 12 metres tall[
]. The stems are covered with spines[
]. The main stem ('bole') can be up to 2 metres long before branching and 20 - 60cm in diameter[
The plant provides an edible fruit that is commonly gathered from the wild and greatly enjoyed within its native range[
]. It has been trialled as a fruit crop in Italy, and is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
]. There are various named varieties for ornamental use[
S. America - eastern and northeastern Brazil.
Dry, open forest areas of northeast Brazil, with a preference for growing in the less dry areas on clay soils mixed with fine gravel[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the semi-arid tropics. Requires a mean minimum temperature no lower than 7°c.
Requires a position in full sun and a reasonably well-drained soil[
]. Prefers a pH lower than 6[
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
Newly planted trees are slow to establish and grow away[
A variable species, at least 5 distinct forms have been recognised[
Fruit - raw[
]. A farinaceous, succulent pulp with a slightly sweet flavour[
]. The fruit is about 12cm long and 7cm wide[
Stems - cooked and used as a vegetable[
The juice of the plant is used for treating scurvy, lung and skin diseases[
The juice is applied topically to treat ulcers[
The plant is known to contain alkaloids[
The plant is a pioneer of open ground in its native area and could be a suitable, if slow-growing, pioneer for semi-arid areas generally[
The wood is regular-grained, very light and coarse-textured. It is very susceptible to wood eating organisms. It can only be used to make light boxes and models such as model aeroplanes[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Sow the seed in a semi-shaded position, spreading the seed on the surface and watering it into the soil. Germination rates are usually low with the seed sprouting within 40 - 60 days[
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