Centrolobium orinocense (Benth.) Pittier
Centrolobium patinense Pittier
Centrolobium paraense is a deciduous tree with an elongate crown; it can grow up to 30 metres tall. The bole is up to 100cm in diameter, with buttresses[
The tree yields an excellent timber and is commonly harvested from the wild for local use and export[
S. America - northern Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama.
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This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The heartwood is usually a reddish-orange with dark red or brown veining; it is clearly demarcated from the thick band of creamy white sapwood. It is fine to medium-textured, straight and even-grained with medium lustre. The wood is hard, moderately heavy, strong, tough, very durable, but not immune from wood-boring worms. It works and turns easily, splits well, planes and glues well and takes a high polish. A good quality timber, it is used for fine furniture, cabinet making, frames of furniture and various external purposes[
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