If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Centipeda minima

(L.) A.Braun & Asch.

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Artemisia minima L.

Artemisia orbicularis (Lour.) Roxb.

Artemisia sternutatoria Roxb.

Centipeda minuta (G.Forst.) Benth.

Centipeda minuta (Less.) C.B.Clarke

Centipeda orbicularis Lour.

Cotula minuta G.Forst.

Myriogyne minuta (G.Forst.) Less.

Common Name:

Centipeda minima
Flowering plant
Photograph by: Dalgial
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Centipeda minima Centipeda minima

General Information

Centipeda minima is a small, erect to prostrate herb, often much branched from the base, that usually has stems 8 - 20cm long, sometimes to 30cm[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
334
Title
Flora of Peninsula Malaysia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tfbc.frim.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
In the process of being assembled (15/07/09), it is currently a series of check sheets giving species name, brief description, habitat and high quality photos of the plants.
].
The plant is widely used in traditional medicine[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. It is harvested from the wild for mainly local medicinal use[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Known Hazards

The plant is said to have caused poisoning of livestock in northern Australia[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China, Japan, India, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea, Australia and the Pacific Islands.

Habitat

Humid open locations; thinly grassed patches in savannah; banks of permanent waterholes; muddy banks of rivers; fallow rice-fields and waste land; at elevations from sea-level to 1,200 metres, sometimes to 2,400 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
334
Title
Flora of Peninsula Malaysia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tfbc.frim.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
In the process of being assembled (15/07/09), it is currently a series of check sheets giving species name, brief description, habitat and high quality photos of the plants.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.10 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant can be a weed of cultivated crops, but is considered to be only a minor weed because it does not root deeply, and it stays small[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

In China, the plant is considered a hot and dry medicine which is useful as a decoction in the treatment of paralysis and pain in the joints, and also against malaria, hepatitis, diabetes mellitus, eczema, insect or snake bites, and opium poisoning[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Taken with wine, it is a remedy for internal injuries[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is used in general as a treatment for eye and sinus infections and nose polyps. The leaves, when squeezed between the fingers and inhaled, make the eyes water, clear the head and provoke sneezing[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The plant is also used as a treatment against cough, common cold and bronchitis[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The herb is boiled to a paste and applied to the cheeks in order to alleviate toothache, and is also used as a topical application on other swellings and inflammations[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The seed, or the dried aerial parts, are used as a vermifuge and amoebicide[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The plant contains an essential oil, myriogynic acid and a bitter principle[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
The essential oil contains bitter compounds such as myriogynic acid and myriogynin, several flavonoids, pentacyclic triterpenes and and several sesquiterpene lactones[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The sesquiterpene lactones have shown antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus in vitro[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
An aqueous extract of the above-ground plant parts showed in vitro activity against Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis and Plasmodium falciparum. Activity was found to be caused by the sesquiterpene lactone brevilin A[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Ether, methanol and aqueous extracts showed significant anti-allergy activity in the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis test[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A methanolic extract of dried aerial parts showed significant activity against herpes simplex virus, polio virus and sindbis virus[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
An infusion of dried plants exhibited antitussive activity, whilst the aqueous extract showed antispasmodic activity[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The ether extract showed anaphylactic activity[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Plant extracts also show moderate antimutagenic activity[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Centipeda+minima>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.