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Useful Tropical Plants

Cenostigma eriostachys

(Benth.) E.Gagnon & G.P.Lewis

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Caesalpinia eriostachys Benth.

Poincianella eriostachys (Benth.) Britton & Rose

Schizolobium covilleanum Pittier

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Cenostigma eriostachys is a large, deciduous shrub or a tree that can sometimes reach 15 metres tall. The irregular trunk can be around 20cm in diameter[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood. It is used as a barrier hedge and to conserve the soil, and is often grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its very showy flowers which are produced when the tree is leafless[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Known Hazards

The seeds are reported to cause paralysis in animals that eat them[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The crushed bark is thrown into water to stupefy fish[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

C. America - Panama to Guatemala and central Mexico; Caribbean - Cuba

Habitat

Brushy hillsides or open forest; at elevations up to 300 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Native to central America and the Caribbean, Caesalpinia eriostachys is known to succeed at elevations up to 1,500 metres. It grows in areas where the average daily temperature can range from 22 - 32°c and the mean annual rainfall can be as low as 400mm[
1535
Title
Establishment, growth and biomass production of 10 tree woody species introduced for reforestation and ecological re
Publication
Forest Ecology and Management xxx (2006) xxx–xxx
Author
Foroughbakhch R. et al
Website
http://10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.012
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil. Succeeds in poor soils[
1535
Title
Establishment, growth and biomass production of 10 tree woody species introduced for reforestation and ecological re
Publication
Forest Ecology and Management xxx (2006) xxx–xxx
Author
Foroughbakhch R. et al
Website
http://10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.012
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is used as a hedge and as a barrier between fields[
1535
Title
Establishment, growth and biomass production of 10 tree woody species introduced for reforestation and ecological re
Publication
Forest Ecology and Management xxx (2006) xxx–xxx
Author
Foroughbakhch R. et al
Website
http://10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.012
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Its extensive root system helps to bind the soil and prevent erosion[
1535
Title
Establishment, growth and biomass production of 10 tree woody species introduced for reforestation and ecological re
Publication
Forest Ecology and Management xxx (2006) xxx–xxx
Author
Foroughbakhch R. et al
Website
http://10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.012
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is dark brown; the sapwood is yellowed. The texture is medium to coarse, grain straight to irregular, lustre is medium, there is no appreciable odour[
1535
Title
Establishment, growth and biomass production of 10 tree woody species introduced for reforestation and ecological re
Publication
Forest Ecology and Management xxx (2006) xxx–xxx
Author
Foroughbakhch R. et al
Website
http://10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.012
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers. When the seedbed-sown seedlings are 5 - 6cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 5 - 6 months later[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cenostigma+eriostachys>

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