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Useful Tropical Plants

Castilla tunu

Hemsl.

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Castilla fallax O.F.Cook

Common Name:

Castilla tunu
Fruits
Photograph by: Reinaldo Aguilar
Creative Commons License
Castilla tunu Castilla tunu Castilla tunu Castilla tunu Castilla tunu Castilla tunu Castilla tunu

General Information

Castilla tunu is a deciduous tree; it usually grows 15 - 20 metres tall, with some specimens up to 35 metres. The bole is sometimes more than 100cm in diameter, usually with buttresses[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
,
551
Title
A Century of Trees of Panama.
Publication
 
Author
Pittier H. Mell C.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A work that was very difficult to get published according to the correspondence contained at the start!. A treatment of 100 different species with descriptions and details of uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild as a source of materials, especially the fibre obtained from the bark.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
,
684
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 13
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1909 - 1912
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it ncludes a treatment of the genus Castilla. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Ecuador, Colombia; C. America - Panama to Belize.

Habitat

Lowland, wet, evergreen forest formations at elevations from near sea level to 200 metres[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height20.00 m
PollinatorsWind, ?Insects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Individual plants can either produce only male flowers (dioecious) or they can produce both male and female flowers (monoecious)[
315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.
,
684
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 13
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1909 - 1912
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it ncludes a treatment of the genus Castilla. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

Members of this genus have a root system that consists of a rather short tap root and of several lateral roots spreading horizontally and so near the surface of the soil that they can often be followed for 20 to 30 metres[
684
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 13
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1909 - 1912
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it ncludes a treatment of the genus Castilla. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. This root system makes it difficult to grow other crops under the tree[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

A latex is obtained from the plant. Unlike most other members of this genus, the latex obtained from this plant is not suitable for making rubber; it coagulates into a hard, sticky, unelastic mass that is erroneously called 'gutta-percha' locally and is considered to be of little value[
684
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 13
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1909 - 1912
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it ncludes a treatment of the genus Castilla. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The fibre-rich bark of this tree yields a soft vegetable cloth, which is used to make into clouts, skirts or sleeping mats[
551
Title
A Century of Trees of Panama.
Publication
 
Author
Pittier H. Mell C.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A work that was very difficult to get published according to the correspondence contained at the start!. A treatment of 100 different species with descriptions and details of uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The heartwood is yellowish; the thin band of sapwood is a very light yellow or nearly white. The wood is straight and fairly fine-grained; moderately light in weight; soft; not strong; not very durable in contact with the soil. It is easily worked and takes a good polish. It is not much used on account of the abundant flow of cortical latex, which makes it difficult to handle[
551
Title
A Century of Trees of Panama.
Publication
 
Author
Pittier H. Mell C.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A work that was very difficult to get published according to the correspondence contained at the start!. A treatment of 100 different species with descriptions and details of uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-13. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Castilla+tunu>

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