Castanopsis wallichii is an evergreen tree usually growing around 12 - 15 metres tall. The bole can be 45 - 60cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.
Southeast Asia - Peninsula Thailand, Malaysia
Humid lowland to montane forest; mostly at elevations between 1,000 - 1,500 metres[
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Castanopsis species are generally tolerant of a range of soils, preferably well-drained[
]. They succeed in full sun, though young plants generally grow best in dappled woodland shade.
The seeds are eaten raw, cooked, roasted or used in chocolates and pastries[
]. The subglobose to obovoid seed is 15 - 30mm long and 10 - 20mm wide with a thin shell; one seed is produced per cupule[
The bark is a source of tannins and can be used as a dye, to weatherproof fibres etc[
The branches and stems of many Castanopsis species are used as bed logs in mushroom cultivation[
The wood is hard, difficult to work and liable to splitting[
The wood is a good fuel and can be used to make charcoal[
Seed - easy to germinate if sown fresh. Self-sown seedlings can be transplanted[
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