Castanea indica Roxb.
Castanea indica Roxb. ex Lindl.
Castanopsis macrostachya Hu
Castanopsis subacuminata Hayata
Quercus acutissima roxburghii (Endl.) Schottky
Quercus dubia Lindl. ex Wall.
Quercus indica (Roxb. ex Lindl.) Drake
Quercus prinodes Voigt
Quercus roxburghii Endl.
Quercus serrata Roxb.
Common Name: Indian Chestnut
Castanopsis indica is an evergreen tree with a broadly rounded crown; it can grow up to 30 metres tall. The straight bole can be up to 100cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber and edible seed.
E. Asia - southern China, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.
Scattered in primary and secondary forest formations in Vietnam[
]. Broad-leaved evergreen forests at elevations below 1,500 metres in southern China[
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Prefers a sunny position[
]. Castanopsis species are generally tolerant of a range of soils, preferably well-drained[
]. This species succeeds on sandy soils so long as they are not too dry[
Trees can be coppiced[
Natural regeneration is usually good[
Seed - raw or cooked[
]. The seed is 6 - 14mm in diameter, contained in a spiny seedcase[
The bark is a rich source of tannins and can be used as a dye, to weatherproof fibres etc[
The branches and stems of many Castanopsis species are used as bed logs in mushroom cultivation[
A very attractive wood, of a yellow-brown or pinkish-brown colour, with a lustrous surface and a hard figury grain. The wood is hard, resistent to termites and insects. It resembles a dull-coloured Mexican prima vera (Roseodendron donnell-smithii), for which timber it might be substituted without fear of detection[
]. Of good quality, it is used for construction and making furniture[
The wood is a good fuel and can be used to make charcoal[
Seed - easy to germinate if sown fresh. Self-sown seedlings can be transplanted[
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