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Useful Tropical Plants

Capparis spinosa cartilaginea

(Decne.) Maire & Weiller

Capparaceae

+ Synonyms

Capparis antanossarum Baill.

Capparis cartilaginea Decne.

Capparis galeata Fresen.

Capparis inermis Forssk.

Capparis pyracantha Bojer

Capparis uncinata Edgew.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Capparis spinosa cartilaginea is a thorny, usually erect shrub growing 60 - 400cm tall[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. Only the uses specifically ascribed to this subspecies are recorded here. Go to Capparis spinosa for the full list of uses for the species.

Known Hazards

Caper extracts and pulps have been used in cosmetics, but there have been cases reported of contact dermatitis and sensitivity from their use[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].

Botanical References

1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 

Range

Northeastern and eastern Africa, through the Arabian peninsula and the Levant, eastwards to Pakistan and India.

Habitat

Cliffs, rocky slopes, stony wadis, sandy and alluvial soils; on limestone, sandstone, gypsum, coral,
gneiss and volcanic substrata; at elevations from sea level to 2,400 metres[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height2.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Capers generally require a hot, well-drained dry position in full sun[
187
Title
Perennials. Volumes 1 and 2.
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books
Year
1991
ISBN
0-330-30936-9
Description
Photographs of over 3,000 species and cultivars of ornamental plants together with brief cultivation notes, details of habitat etc.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
260
Title
Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books, London.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-330-37376-5
Description
Excellent photos of over 1,100 species and cultivars with habits and cultivation details plus a few plant uses. Many species are too tender for outdoors in Britain though there are many that can be grown outside.
]. Plants can tolerate some frost so long as the ground is very well-drained. They generally dislike heavy soils[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Established plants are very tolerant of drought[
260
Title
Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books, London.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-330-37376-5
Description
Excellent photos of over 1,100 species and cultivars with habits and cultivation details plus a few plant uses. Many species are too tender for outdoors in Britain though there are many that can be grown outside.
]. They prefer a pH in the range 6.5 - 7.5, tolerating 6 - 8.3[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. They should be tolerant of a higher pH than this, particularly as they can be found in the wild on coral based soils[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Often harvested from the wild as a medicine, the fruit is also sometimes eaten[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].
The plant can flower and produce fruit all year round[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].
The flowers are reported to open in the evening and fade by late morning the following day[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]. The reddish, ovoid or ellipsoid, ribbed fruit is borne on a thickened stalk; it is usually 30 - 50mm long and 20 - 30mm ide, though can be up to 90mm long and 40mm wide[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].

The above is information we have found specifically applying to this subspecies. Go to the record for Capparis spinosa to obtain further information on the full range of uses for this subspecies.

Medicinal

The plant is frequently utilized for its medicinal properties in eastern Africa[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]
In Somalia the leaves are steeped in hot water and used as a treatment of cough in adults, children and even infants[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]. The same use is recorded for the fruit in the northern part of the country, where the native name 'Goh' represents the sound of a cough[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].

The dried leaves mixed with wood ash are used as 'chewing tobacco'[
1268
Title
A taxonomic revision of the Capparis spinosa group (Capparaceae) from eastern Africa to Oceania
Publication
Phytotaxa 203 (1): 024-036. 2015
Author
Silvio Fici
Website
http://www.mapress.com/phytotaxa/
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
].

The above is information we have found specifically applying to this subspecies. Go to the record for Capparis spinosa to obtain further information on the full range of uses for this subspecies.

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Caper seeds are miniscule and seedlings are very slow growing. The fresh seed germinates quickly, although germination rates are usually quite low[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
]. Dried seed becomes dormant and notably difficult to germinate - pre-soak for 24 hours in warm water at around 40°c which is then allowed to cool. Then wrap them in a moist cloth, place them in a sealed glass jar and kept in the refrigerator for 2 - 3 months. After refrigeration, soak the seeds again in warm water overnight. Sow the seeds about 1cm deep in a loose well drained soil medium[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
].
Cuttings of half-ripe wood in a sandy medium[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Use stems from the basal portions, greater than 1cm diameter and 8cm long with 6 - 10 buds. Use a loose, well drained media with bottom heat. A 70% rooting percentage would be considered good[
646
Title
New Crops FactSheets
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/default.html
Publisher
Purdue University
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website dedicated to giving information on potential new agricultural crops.
]
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-02-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Capparis+spinosa+cartilaginea>

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