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Useful Tropical Plants

Canthium coromandelicum

(Burm.f.) Alston

Rubiaceae

+ Synonyms

Gmelina coromandelina Burm.f.

Canthium parviflorum Lam.

Webera tetrandra Willd.

Paederia valli-kara Juss.

Plectronia parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Canthium coromandelicum is a more or less thorny, evergreen shrub or small tree[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].
The plant is a commonly used medicinal herb and functional food in India and Sri Lanka. It is harvested from the wild for local use and is also sometimes sold in local markets[
1401
Title
Vitamin C content of commonly eaten green leafy vegetables in fresh and under different storage conditions
Publication
Tropical Plant Research 2(3): 240-245, 2015
Author
Umaramani M. & Sivakanesan R.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
2349 - 1183
Description
 
]..

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - tropical India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka

Habitat

Dry regions in coastal scrub forests and laterite[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Leaves - raw or cooked. They are eaten in salads and also used as a vegetable[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
1401
Title
Vitamin C content of commonly eaten green leafy vegetables in fresh and under different storage conditions
Publication
Tropical Plant Research 2(3): 240-245, 2015
Author
Umaramani M. & Sivakanesan R.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
2349 - 1183
Description
 
,
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]. Regular consumption of the leaves has been shown to significantly reduce cholesterol levels in the blood[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].

Medicinal

Canthium coromandelicum is a commonly used medicinal herb in India, where it is considered to be a general tonic for the whole body. Specifically, it is said to control high blood pressure, reduce unwanted fats in the body, and purify the circulatory system. It is used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions, including diabetes, fevers, indigestion, nausea, diarrhoea, constipation, dysuria, impotence, decreased sperm count, and in renal calculi[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].

The roots, combined with milk, are a traditional medicine for treating snake bites[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].

The leaves are anthelmintic, antioxidant and diuretic[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]. Taken at regular intervals, they are used to treat intestinal worms in children[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].
Applied externally, the tender leaves are boiled and tied on the infected part in order to remove thorns that have
got into the skin[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]. A decoction of the leaves is used to help wound healing and to treat skin problems, including scabies and the ring worm infection[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]..

The roots and leaves are astringent, cholagogue and diuretic[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]. They are used in vitiated conditions of Kapha, and to treat diarrhoea, strangury, fever, leucorrhoea, intestinal worms, and general debility[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].

The bark, combined with turmeric and lime, is made into a paste and applied on the forehead to cure headache[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].

The fruits are astringent, cholagogue, strengthening and an expellant of phlegm and bile. They are given at regular
intervals in order to treat intestinal worms in children[
1403
Title
Review on Genus Canthium: Special Reference to Canthium coromandelicum - an Unexplored Traditional Medicinal Plant o
Publication
American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics, [2][6][2014]796-813
Author
Sanjeeb Kumar Patro; D. Sasmal; Papiamitra Mazumndar; Padmac
Website
http://www.ajpct.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The branches are used for fencing[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

The grrey wood is hard and close-grained. It is used in turning[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-07-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Canthium+coromandelicum>

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