Calycophyllum spruceanum intermedium Chodat & Hassl.
Calycophyllum spruceanum multiflorum (Griseb.) Chodat & Hassl.
Common Name: Lemonwood
Lemonwood is a deciduous tree with a large, intense, pyramidal green crown; it can grow 10 - 25 metres tall[
]. The bole is straight and cylindrical, 50 - 70cm in diameter and can be unbranched for 30 metres[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber, which is traded commercially. Suitable for use as a pioneer species for re-establishing woodland, it is a very ornamental tree, with a pyramidal crown similar to a conifer, that can be used in landscaping in general[
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, central Brazil, Bolivia.
Dry forests in transition to temperate humid forests[
]. Calcareous chaco forests in the Pantanal of Brasil[
]. It is found mainly in well-drained, clay soils in low flat land by river courses that is not subject to inundation[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a sunny position[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
A fast growing tree[
The tree resprouts freely from the base if it is cut down or damaged by fire[
A fast growing tree, often found in secondary woodland formations, it can be used as a pioneer species in reforestation projects[
The flowers are a good source of nectar[
The white-yellowish wood is straight grained, fine-texture, very heavy, hard, very resistant to flexing and of good natural durability if protected from the weather[
]. It works well and is very durable, especially when not in contact with the soil[
]. It is used for flooring, decorative veneer, furniture, turnery, panels, tool handles, toys, wood carvings etc[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. The miniscule seed should be surface sown in a nursery seedbed in a sunny position. Water them in well so that they are slightly covered by the soil. A reasonable germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 25 - 35 days[
]. When the seedlings are 4 - 5cm tall, transplant them to individual containers and they should be ready to plant out into their permanent positions about 5 - 6 months later when around 30cm tall[
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