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Useful Tropical Plants

Calophyllum soulattri

Burm.f.

Calophyllaceae

+ Synonyms

Apoterium sulatri Blume

Calophyllum cholobtaches Lauterb.

Calophyllum cymosum Miq.

Calophyllum diepenhorstii Miq.

Calophyllum hibbardii Elmer

Calophyllum hirtellum Miq.

Calophyllum kiong Lauterb. & K.Schum

Calophyllum lanceolatum Warb.

Calophyllum lancifolium Elmer

Calophyllum paludosum C.T.White

Calophyllum solomonense A.C.Sm.

Calophyllum spectabile Willd.

Calophyllum tetrapetalum Roxb. ex G.Don

Calophyllum versteegii Lauterb.

Calophyllum zschokkei Elmer

Common Name: Nicobar Canoetree

Calophyllum soulattri
Cultivated tree in Kahanu Gardens, NTBG, Kaeleku Hana, Hawaii
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons License
Calophyllum soulattri Calophyllum soulattri Calophyllum soulattri Calophyllum soulattri Calophyllum soulattri Calophyllum soulattri

General Information

Calophyllum soulattri is usually a tall, evergreen tree growing up to a height of 30 metres, though rarely it is only a shrub a few metres tall. The bole, which is rarely buttressed or spurred, is up to 70cm in diameter[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]
The tree is widely exploited from the wild for its timber, which is exported in large quantities[
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.
]. The plant is also sometimes grown as a shade tree and ornamental[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The tree is s exploited throughout its range as one of the best 'bintangor' timbers. It is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The latex in the plant has been used to poison dogs[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Botanical References

532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Southeast Asia - Nicobar and Andaman Islands, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to Australia and the Solomon Islands.

Habitat

Lowland or lower montane rain forest or sometimes in swamp forest at elevations up to 1,700 metres[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Usually grows in small, well developed pockets of rain forest around soaks and springs in Australia.

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


The tree prefers well-drained habitats but is sometimes found in the wild in swamp forest, where it develops small knee roots[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - sour[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The somewhat sour fruits can be eaten, but if eaten in excess they cause severe stomach-ache and diarrhoea[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The more or less spherical fruit is up to 16mm in diameter[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

An infusion of the root is rubbed on to affected areas in order to alleviate rheumatic pain[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Fresh bark from the shoots is used as medicine for women who have just given birth[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The oil obtained from the seed is used externally in the treatment of rheumatism and skin infections[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Injected into the muscles, the refined oil relieves the pain in leprosy[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

Oil can be extracted from the seeds by heating them either cut and with water or finely crushed. The oil contains resin; the purified oil contains approximately 49.7% oleic acid, 23.8% linoleic acid, 16.8% palmitic acid, and 9.7% stearic acid. It is used in soap making and is important as an illuminant[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. In parts of Oceania the oil is used to anoint the body, as either a substitute for, or a pleasant-smelling additive to, coconut oil[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Mixed with the resin of Vateria spp, the oil is used for caulking boats[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The leaves are reported to make a durable thatch[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The light-red wood is cross-grained, moderately hard, durable, elastic, easily worked[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. The wood is not very durable[
532
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol 61
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University
Year
1980
ISBN
0004-2625
Description
A treatment of the Asian species of Colophyllum is just one of the articles in this publication. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is used for masts, spars, construction and planking[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-10-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Calophyllum+soulattri>

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