Acacia houstonii (L'Hér.) Willd.
Acacia metrosideriflora Schltdl.
Anneslia houstoniana Britton & Rose
Anneslia lucens Britton
Calliandra houstonii (L'Hér.) Benth.
Calliandra lucens (Britton) Standl.
Mimosa houstoniana Mill.
Mimosa houstonii L'Hér.
Calliandra houstoniana is a delicate shrub or small tree with beautiful flowers growing from 1 - 6 metres tall[
The bark has been gathered from the wild and exported to Europe for medicinal use, whilst the plant is occasionally grown as an ornamental[
The bark contains an alkaloid that can cause death by systolic arrest of the heart[
Central America - Honduras, north to southern Mexico.
Brushy or open, moist or dry slopes, often on faces of cliffs, sometimes in pine-oak forest, at elevations up to 2,200 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in the tropics and subtropics[
Requires a well-drained soil and a sunny position[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The bark, known as Pambotana bark, has been sold in Europe as a substitute for quinine and an antiperiodic[
The bark is chewed to harden the gums[
All members of this genus have extensive root systems and are useful for binding the soil[
The wood of Calliandra species is generally of medium-texture, heavy, hard, strong and easy to work, but not highly lustrous. Where large enough, the wood can be used for small carpentry work, implement handls, frames etc, and it is also used for fuel[
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