Millettia championii Benth.
Millettia cognata Hance
Millettia kiangsiensis Z.Wei
Millettia purpurea Yatabe
Millettia reticulata Benth.
Common Name: Ji Xue Teng
Ji Xue Teng is a deciduous climbing shrub, producing several stems that can be from 2 - 10 metres long. The stems support themselves by twining.
The plant is used in traditional Chinese medicine, being gathered from the wild. It is also a source of rotenone, used as an insecticide.
E. Asia - S. China, Taiwan, Vietnam.
Damp shady places[
]. Thickets on slopes and in valleys, thickets by streams, at elevations of 100 - 1,200 metres[
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A plant of the warm temperate to tropical zones, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c and down to about -15°c when given the protection of a warm sunny wall[
Succeeds in full sun in a fertile moisture-retentive but well-drained soil[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
Ji Xue Teng is classified in Chinese herbalism as a plant that invigorates the blood. It is used mainly to treat menstrual problems, relieving pain and normalizing an irregular or absent cycle[
The roots and the vines are emmenagogue and stomachic[
]. A decoction is used in the treatment of stomach aches, breathlessness, anaemia in women, menstrual irregularities, vaginal discharge (bloody discharge and leucorrhoea), numbness and paralysis, backache and pain in the knees, seminal emission, gonorrhoea and stomach ache[
The plant is used as a tonic to induce the growth of red blood cells[
The plant contains the antitumor compound rotenone[
The plant contains rotenone, which is used as an insecticide[
Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and sow in a container in a lightly shaded position. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Layering in spring.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with the leaves removed[
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